However, there are also different designations in a number of special types of procedure. In family matters , in dunning proceedings , in legal aid proceedings , in the division auction as well as in the proceedings belonging to the voluntary jurisdiction , the parties are referred to as applicants and respondents . In addition, according to FamFG, one party is designated as a participant in the application of the code of civil procedure in family matters and in voluntary jurisdiction .
In the appeal proceedings , the parties as complainant and respondent in the appeal process as Appellant and Appellee, in the revision process , called a revision plaintiff and defendant revision. In proceedings on an interim injunction , the terms plaintiff and defendant are common ; in arrest proceedings, the terms plaintiff and defendant are common.
In the foreclosure auction procedure according to the ZVG , in addition to the creditor and the debtor, the owner (if the owner and debtor are different persons), the owners of rights to the property ( e.g. right of way, building rights ), the tenants and the parties who register a right, Participants in the proceedings.
In criminal proceedings , the party against whom the proceedings are directed is called the accused , accused , accused or convicted person , depending on the stage of the proceedings ; in the administrative offense proceedings and in the placement proceedings , the person concerned.
- Gunter Wesener : litigants. in: Concise dictionary on German legal history. Volume IV (1990) Col. 62-66.