Peredelkino ( Russian Переделкино ) is a dacha settlement about 20 km southwest of the city center of Moscow . It is located near the city limits of the Russian capital, into which it was incorporated in 2012, not far from the railway line to Kiev . Peredelkino is considered an artist village.
Peredelkino has been known as a noble residence since the 17th century.
In 1934 Maxim Gorky proposed that the area be transferred to the Union of Writers of the USSR . As a result, about 50 wooden dachas were built for Soviet writers within a few years .
Among the artists living in Peredelkino were Boris Pasternak , Kornei Tschukowski , Arseni Tarkowski (all three died here and were buried in the local cemetery ), Ilya Ehrenburg , Weniamin Kawerin , Orest Malzew , Leonid Leonow , Ilya Ilf , Isaak Babel , Vsevolod Iwanow , Nikolai Sabolozki , Boris Pilnjak , Lilja Brik , Konstantin Simonow , Alexander Fadejew (who died here by suicide in 1956) and Mikhail Bakhtin . Nazim Hikmet spent his exile here until he died in 1963. More recently, Yevgeny Evtushenko , Andrei Voznesensky , Bella Akhmadulina , Robert Roshdestvensky and Zurab Tsereteli have also lived here.
A building from the complex of the residence of the Patriarch of the Russian Orthodox Church in Peredelkino
Peredelkino, which formally did not have the status of an independent town, belonged to the Leninsky Rajon of Moscow Oblast for several decades . In the 1980s, the Nowo-Peredelkino ("Neu-Peredelkino") prefabricated housing estate was built immediately to the southeast. It was incorporated into Moscow in 1984 and has been part of its western administrative district since 1991 . In 2006 Peredelkino became part of the rural municipality Vnukovskoye selskoje posselenije of Leninsky district. On July 1, 2012, the rural community and with it Peredelkino as well as other areas were detached from the oblast and part of the newly created Moscow district of Novomoskowski . Peredelkino is now part of Moscow.
In his novel The Master and Margarita , Mikhail Bulgakov calls the settlement “Perelygino”. The Peredelkino also plays a role in the film Das Russland-Haus .
- Peredelkino website (Russian, English )
Coordinates: 55 ° 39 ′ 28 ″ N , 37 ° 21 ′ 8 ″ E