A church of St. Petri in Altenburg was mentioned as early as 1012. It is uncertain whether the former cathedral chapter of St. John was located here in the meantime.
The monastery was probably founded before 1073. In 1091 it was consecrated by Bishop Werner von Merseburg and Archbishop Hartwig von Magdeburg (again?). The monastery was under the strong influence of the bishops and the cathedral chapter in the following centuries . In 1451 it joined the Bursfeld congregation .
After an attempt to build a state school failed in 1543, the monastery was closed in 1562. The complex fell into disrepair and was largely dismantled. In 1913 the remains were restored and a museum was set up.
The site has been used for cultural activities for several years.
- Otto Rademacher: The S. Petri Monastery in Merseburg. Festschrift for the inauguration of the restored monastery rooms and the local history museum on April 30, 1913. Merseburg 1913.
- Matthias Eifler: A reform statute for the Merseburg Benedictine monastery St. Peter and Paul. In: Enno Bünz, Stefan Zebruck, Helmut G. Walther (ed.): Religious movements in the Middle Ages. Festschrift for Matthias Werner on his 65th birthday. ( Publications of the Historical Commission for Thuringia. Kleine Reihe 24, publication series of the Friedrich Christian Lesser Foundation, Vol. 19). Böhlau Cologne, Weimar, Vienna 2007, ISBN 978-3-412-20060-2 . Pp. 309-346.
- Christof Römer: The Benedictine monasteries in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, Saxony-Anhalt, Thuringia and Saxony. (= Germania Benedictina 10.) St. Ottilien 2012, pp. 951-991.
- Peterskloster Förderverein Klosterbauhütte Merseburg e. V.
- Paul Fridolin Kehr : Document book of the Hochstift Merseburg. Part 1. Hall a. P. 1899. P. 41 No. 39
- The author Ernst Brotuff claimed this in the 16th century, since his statements are not always reliable and there is no medieval information about it, it is uncertain.
- Otto Rademacher: The Merseburg episcopal chronicle. Merseburg 1903. p. 58