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Peuketien is an ancient landscape name for part of today's Apulia and roughly corresponds to the present-day area of ​​the metropolitan city of Bari (Terra di Bari) in southern Italy . This designation was given by the Greeks and the ancient historians, according to whom today's Apulia was divided into Daunia (today's province of Foggia ), Peuketien and Messapien (today's province of Lecce ). The one who lived there since approx. 700 BC Mentioned in Greek sources, indigenous population was culturally influenced by various Greek colonies .

The main centers founded by the Peuketeers were Sannace , about 5 km from Gioia del Colle , and Rubi ( Ruvo di Puglia ).

The Peuketeers probably came along with the Daunians , Japygens and Messapians in the 11th century BC. Chr. Of Illyrien via the channel of Otranto to Puglia. After the Ausonen (old, legendary name for the inhabitants of the west coast of Italy) were expelled, they settled in what is now the province of Bari. From the 4th century BC BC Peuketeers was subjected to Rome.

The economy was based on animal husbandry and handicrafts, which had its greatest development in spinning and wool weaving.

Contacts with the colonies of Magna Graecia were important , first with Metapont and then with Taranto . This is confirmed by found coins and vases. The contacts and wars with the Messapians were also numerous.

See also