Monte Sannace Archaeological Park

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The Monte Sannace Archaeological Park is located five kilometers from Gioia del Colle in the metropolitan city of Bari in Puglia in Italy . The Monte Sannace belongs to the southern foothills of the Murgia . It lies roughly halfway between the Adriatic and the Ionian coast between the Bari region and the former Greek colonies of Taras and Metapont . The associated museum is located in a Norman - Staufer castle on the Piazza Plebiscito.

The park is an archaeological open-air museum and encompasses large, formerly inhabited areas of the important center of the Peuketeers , who lived here between the 6th and 4th centuries BC. BC settled. The Peuketeers were a group of the ancient Italian population from the Oscar-Umbrian group. They probably came with other tribes in the 11th century BC. From Illyria across the Strait of Otranto and settled in what is now the province of Bari.

The first traces of activity on the site date from the Neolithic Age . The first permanent settlement was established in the 9th century BC. And existed with interruptions until the Hellenistic-Roman period (1st century AD).

During the Iron Age , between the 9th and 8th centuries BC A group of mud and straw huts was built on the top of the hill; others lay scattered across the plain. Between the 7th and 6th centuries BC The scattered settlement on the hill changed to a village, which had a protective function for the smaller settlements. The settlement then gradually took on an urban appearance and was surrounded by a wall on the edge of the hill. Public buildings for political and religious purposes were built and aristocratic tombs arose. The settlement quickly got its final appearance, divided into the acropolis and the lower town. This process is an expression of the contacts with the Hellenic culture. The acropolis was occupied until the 1st century AD.


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Coordinates: 40 ° 49 ′ 57 ″  N , 16 ° 57 ′ 56 ″  E