|IPA character description||vertically mirrored superscript crackling sound|
|Unicode||U + 02E4|
|HTML (dec.)||& # 740;|
Pharyngalization (from Greek φάρυγξ pharynx , throat ') is a process of secondary articulation in which the articulation of a sound is accompanied by a formation in the throat ( pharyngal ).
An example of pharyngeal consonants are the so-called emphatic consonants of Arabic . Pharyngealization gives the consonants an A coloring. Pharyngalisierte sounds are in the IPA -Lautschrift with the sign [ ˁ ] in: [ T ].
Other types of secondary articulation are: palatalization , velarization , laryngealization , glottalization and labialization .