Pierre Restaut

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Pierre Restaut (* 1696 in Beauvais ; † February 14, 1764 in Paris ) was a French grammarian.

life and work

Restaut was a lawyer with a prominent position at the Royal Court of Justice. His practical French grammar of 1730, which (inspired by the ideas of the reformer Charles Rollin [1661–1741]) was based on an educational question-and-answer scheme and was originally intended for children at the royal court, had great success throughout Europe . The aim was to use French (instead of Latin) grammar to lay a foundation of language knowledge on which foreign language learning can build.


  • Principes généraux et raisonnés de la grammaire françoise, par demandes & par responses . Dédiés à Msgr. Le duc de Chartres ( Louis Philippe I de Bourbon, duc d'Orléans ), Paris 1730, 323 pages; Principes généraux et raisonnés de la grammaire Françoise , avec des observations sur l'orthographe, les accents, la ponctuation, & la prononciation: et un abrégé des regles de la versification Françoise, 1732, 552 pages; numerous editions until 1817, e.g. B. 8th edition, 1758, 587 pages
  • Abrégé des principes de la grammaire françoise , Paris 1739 (115 pages, last 1824)


  • Pierre Swiggers, Une étape importante dans l'histoire de la grammaire française: les Principes de Restaut, in: Studia Neophilologica 57, 1985, pp. 219-226

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