Pluton (short-range missile)
|Combat weight||1,430 kg|
|Warhead||a 15 or 25 kt nuclear warhead|
|Weapon platforms||AMX-30 tracked vehicle|
|Lists on the subject|
Pluton was a short-range nuclear missile used by the French Army during the Cold War .
The development of the Pluton began at Aérospatiale in the early 1960s . In 1974 the system was introduced to the army. The army put five Pluton artillery regiments with a total of 30 starters into service. In total, it received 120 missiles.
The system was housed on the all -terrain AMX-30 tracked vehicle, highly mobile and quickly relocatable. A minimum reaction time from full speed to rocket launch of less than 20 minutes was achieved. Each vehicle was equipped with a Pluton missile.
The Pluton missiles could be equipped with two different warheads:
- a nuclear warhead with 15 kT explosive power against tactical targets
- a nuclear warhead with 25 kT explosive power against strategic targets.
The five Pluton regiments were stationed in northeast France. Each regiment had six launch vehicles with 24 missiles:
- 3rd Artillery Regiment in Mailly-le-Camp
- 4th Artillery Regiment in Laon
- 15th Artillery Regiment in Suippes
- 32nd Artillery Regiment in Oberhoffen
- 74th Artillery Regiment in Belfort
In 1993 the Pluton short-range missiles were retired and scrapped.