Prosthesis (linguistics)

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A prosthesis (from the Greek πρόθεσις, próthesis "precedence") is the addition of an additional sound to the beginning of a word in phonology . A prosthesis can, such. B. also the similar process of epenthesis lead to a change in sound .


  • lat. schola "school"> span. e scuela
  • lat. spiritus "spirit"> French e sprit

Prostheses can also result from incorrect delimitation at a word boundary .


  • N aschmarkt inVienna<Asch (en) markt(probably derived fromAsch“milk bucket”); as inI'm walking on ' s shopping Aschmarkt.

In contrast, the prosthesis (from the Greek πρόσθεσις, prósthesis "addition") or paragogue (from the Greek παραγωγή, paragogé "production", "derivation"; here: "extension") is the addition of a sound at the end of a word.


  • das / o / in ital. un o studente "a student", opposite un sùddito "a subordinate"
  • the / n / in ancient greek. epaídeue n "educated" (before vowel and at the end of a sentence), opposite epaídeue (same before consonant)


Individual evidence