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Rat-taui in hieroglyphics
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Rat-taui , also Rait , is an ancient Egyptian goddess and was considered the wife of the month . Your name suffix taui means: "of the two countries".

The goddess was usually depicted in human form and wore the vulture hood with cow horns and the sun disk as a crown . An early mention of her name can be found in the Red Chapel of Hatshepsut . Cleopatra VII had a birth house Mammisi built for the goddess Rat-taui and her son Harpre in Hermonthis , which had its own cult and which also included a holy lake.

Rat-taui was associated with the lotus flower from which the sun was born; another form of the goddess was the ihet cow. Rat-taui received the sun child Hor-pa-Re-pa-chered from her husband , which is why she is the sun mother and not the female complement of Re . In Hermonthis she was theologically connected with the local goddesses Zennet and Junit , whose cult goes back to the Middle Kingdom. In later times it was also known as Hathor or Isis .

The Greeks equated her with Leto .

See also


  • Hans Bonnet : Lexicon of the Egyptian religious history. Nicol, Hamburg 2000, ISBN 3-937872-08-6 , p. 624.
  • Sandra Sandri: Har-Pa-Chered (Harpokrates): The genesis of an Egyptian god child (= Orientalia Lovaniensia analecta. [OLA] Vol. 151). Peeters, Leuven 2006, ISBN 90-429-1761-X .
  • Daniela Rutica: Cleopatra's Forgotten Temple. The birth house of Cleopatra VII in Hermonthis. A reconstruction of the decoration (= Göttinger Miscellen. Occasional Studies Vol. 1). Georg-August-Universität Göttingen, Seminar for Egyptology and Coptic Studies, Göttingen 2015, ISBN 978-3-9817438-0-7 .

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Rainer Hannig: Hannig-Lexika. The language of the pharaohs. (2800-950 BC) Part 1: Large hand-book Egyptian-German. von Zabern, Mainz 1995, ISBN 3-8053-1771-9 , p. 1219.
  2. Sandra Sandri: Har-Pa-Chered (Harpokrates) . P. 66.