Directive 67/548 / EEC

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Directive 67/548 / EEC

Title: Council Directive 67/548 / EEC of June 27, 1967 on the harmonization of legal and administrative provisions for the classification, packaging and labeling of dangerous substances
Scope: EEA
Legal matter: Chemicals law
Basis: EEC Treaty , in particular Article 100
To be
implemented in national law by:
1st January 1975
Replaced by: Regulation (EC) No. 1272/2008
Expiry: May 31, 2015
Reference: OJ 196 of August 16, 1967, pp. 1-98
Full text Consolidated version (not official)
basic version
Regulation has expired.
Please note the information on the current version of legal acts of the European Union !

The guideline 67/548 / EWG was a guideline of the European economic community for the harmonization of the legal and administrative regulations for the handling of dangerous substances. It was enacted on June 27, 1967 by the Council of the EEC and changed a total of nine times (1st to 9th amending directive) and adjusted 31 times (1st to 31st adaptation directive), the last time in 2009 by Directive 2009/2 / EG. It has now been replaced by the globally harmonized system for the classification and labeling of chemicals (GHS for short). It was repealed on June 1, 2015 by Regulation (EC) No. 1272/2008 (CLP) .

Objective of the directive

In its first article, the directive formulates the objective as follows:

"The aim of this directive is to harmonize the laws and regulations of the member states for the classification, packaging and labeling of substances that are dangerous for humans or the environment and that are placed on the market in the member states."

- Directive 67/548 / EEC, Article 1

Labeling requirements for hazardous substances

The guideline included, among other things, the labeling requirement for chemicals. Article 1 exempted from the directive, among other things, medicines , cosmetic products , foodstuffs , animal feed , pesticides and radioactive substances .

The directive stated that

  1. the name of the substance,
  2. the name and address of the distributor ,
  3. the 10 defined hazard symbols according to Annex II and
  4. the R and S phrases had to be clearly legible.

The hazard symbols had to have different sizes, depending on the amount of barrel in the packaging. Later court rulings interpreted the legibility requirements as "font size at least newspaper font".

A definition was not given for each hazard symbol, but the hazard symbols that were to be used were defined for each substance in Annex VI. However, in Article 2, Paragraph 2 properties were defined that make up dangerous substances within the meaning of the regulation. The terminology partly coincides with the symbols, however, in Art. 2, Para. 2 further properties were defined.

In the ordinance, a total of around 3800 substances were classified as well as several hundred labels for precisely defined positions in oil refineries.

Examples of markings from Table 3.2 in Appendix I.
Hazard symbols R-phrases S-phrases
11 (2)-7th-16
Benzo [ a ] pyrene
Toxic Dangerous for the environment
Toxic Environmentally
(T) (N)
45-46-60-61-43-50/53Template: R-phrases / maintenance / more than 5 phrases 53-45-60-61
Sodium perchlorate
Oxidising Harmful to health
(O) (Xn)
9-22nd (2)-13-22nd-27
Sulfur dichloride
Corrosive Dangerous for the environment
Corrosive Environmentally
(C) (N)
14th-34-37-50 (1/2)-26th-45-61

Further contents of the guideline

In Art. 22 the ordinance defines requirements for packaging .

In Art. 26, the ordinance prohibits advertising of dangerous substances without specifying the hazard category.

National implementation

The requirements were implemented by Germany in the Hazardous Substances Ordinance.

Individual evidence

  1. a b c d e f Full text of the directive
  2. Annex II of the directive
  3. Regulation (EC) No. 1272/2008 (CLP), Table 3.2: The list of the harmonized classification and labeling of dangerous substances from Annex I of Directive 67/548 / EEC (PDF) (consolidated version of January 1, 2017)
  4. § 4 of the Ordinance on Hazardous Substances in the version of November 26, 2010 .