Robert the Monk
He was abbot of the Saint-Rémi monastery near Reims in France . He was deposed by the Archbishop of Reims , Manasses II of Châtillon , and appealed against it to Pope Urban II. In 1097, he ruled in his favor. Robert later became prior in Senuc in the Ardennes , but was finally deposed as such by judgment of Pope Calixt II . He died a simple monk in 1122.
A few years after the successful completion of the First Crusade, he was commissioned to complete the so-called Gesta Francorum , because it fell short of Pope Urban II's call to the Crusade at the Council of Clermont . In addition, their linguistic design was not very appealing. Robert wrote his work, the Historia Iherosolimitana 1106/7, probably not least with the intention of supporting the efforts of the French royal family for a new move to the Holy Land.
References and comments
- Robert the Monk's History of the First Crusade, ed. Carol Sweetenham. Aldershot: Ashgate, 2005 (= Crusade Texts in Translation 11), 1-71
- Max Manitius / Iwan von Müller / Paul Joachim Georg Lehmann: History of the Latin literature of the Middle Ages . CH Beck, 1973 ( ISBN 3406014046 ). Pp. 424-426
|SURNAME||Robert the Monk|
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Robert of Reims; Robertus Remensis; Robert de Saint-Rémy; Robert of Saint-Rémi|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||French cleric and chronicler|
|DATE OF BIRTH||around 1055|
|DATE OF DEATH||August 23, 1122|