Max Manitius

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Max Manitius (born March 23, 1858 in Dresden , † September 21, 1933 in Kötzschenbroda ) was a German historian and Latinist .

Live and act

Max Manitius, son of the councilor and secretary in the Saxon Ministry of Justice Wilhelm Manitius (1808–1885), attended high school in Leipzig and then studied history and classical studies at the University of Leipzig from 1877 . In 1881 he did his doctorate under Wilhelm Arndt with a thesis on the Carolingian Reichsannals , which dealt with the Annales Bertiniani , the Annales Laurissenses minores and the Annales Fuldenses . From 1883 to 1884 he was for a short time an "unskilled worker" (at that time a common term for scientific staff) at the Monumenta Germaniae Historica (MGH), where he supported Ernst Dümmler in the edition of the second MGH Poetae volume. In 1884 he took up a job as a teacher at the Nolden high school for girls in Dresden, which gave him enough time for further medieval research, with which he soon made a living. In 1884 he published a critical edition of an anonymous geographic writing from the 9th century, De situ orbis .

In 1889 Manitius presented an overall presentation of the 10th and 11th centuries under the title German history under the Saxon and Salian emperors (911–1125) . His particular interest in Christian-Latin poetry of the early Middle Ages culminated in his literary-historical history of Christian-Latin poetry up to the middle of the 8th century . In addition, Manitius also published annotated translations of selected Latin poems, such as Archipoeta (1913), and in 1925 published a broad study on education, science and literature in the West from 800 to 1100 .

However , Manitius owes its special and lasting importance in Medieval Studies and Middle Latin Philology to its more than 2,800-page history of medieval Latin literature , which was published in three volumes in 1911, 1923 and 1931 as part of Section IX of the Handbook of Classical Studies The only volume of the company has not been revised since then. The Munich philologist and MGH Central Director Ludwig Traube († 1907) had originally been hired to compile this volume, but he had been released from his contract and recommended the private scholar Manitius instead. The lasting value of Manitius' extensive and detailed presentation is based on his ability to describe sometimes complicated facts in a generally understandable way.

His last major work, manuscripts by ancient authors in medieval library catalogs , was published posthumously in 1935 by his son Karl Manitius (1899–1979), who was also a medieval historian and philologist and, after 1949, worked as a freelancer for MGH .

The estate of Max Manitius is now in the archive of the Monumenta Germaniae Historica .

Fonts (selection)

  • The Annales Sithienses, Laurissenses minores and Enharti Fuldenses. [Phil. Diss. Leipzig 1881]. Heinrich, Dresden 1881 (dissertation).
  • (Ed.): Anonymi de situ orbis libri duo. Cotta, Stuttgart 1884.
  • German history under the Saxon and Salian emperors (911–1125). Cotta, Stuttgart 1889 (Library of German History) ( online ).
  • Contributions to the history of early Christian poets in the Middle Ages. 2 volumes, Tempsky, Vienna 1889–1890 (session reports of the Imperial Academy of Sciences in Vienna, Philological-Historical Class, Volume 117, No. 12 and Volume 121, No. 7).
  • History of Christian-Latin poetry up to the middle of the 8th century. Cotta, Stuttgart 1891. ( online )
  • Philology from old library catalogs: (until 1300) . Sauerländer, Frankfurt 1892 (Rhenish Museum for Philology, New Series, Volume 47). ( Digitized version )
  • Analects on the history of Horace in the Middle Ages (until 1300). Dieterich, Göttingen 1893. ( online )
  • Tales and satires from Latin . Greiner & Pfeiffer, Stuttgart 1905. ( digitized version )
  • History of Latin Literature in the Middle Ages.
    • Volume 1: From Justinian to the Middle of the 10th Century. Beck, Munich 1911 ( Handbook of Classical Studies , Section IX, Volume 2.1). ( Digitized version ); Reprinted there in 1959
    • Volume 2: From the middle of the tenth century to the outbreak of the struggle between church and state. Beck, Munich 1923 (Handbook of Classical Studies, Section IX, Volume 2.2). ( Digitized version )
    • Volume 3: From the outbreak of the church dispute to the end of the 12th century. Beck, Munich 1931 (Handbook of Classical Studies, Section IX, Volume 2.3). ( Digitized version )
  • The poems of the Archipoeta. Callwey, Munich 1913 (Münchner Hefte, Volume 6).
  • Education, science and literature in the West from 800 to 1100. Rohland & Berthold, Crimmitschau 1925.
  • Manuscripts by ancient authors in medieval library catalogs. [From the estate] ed. by Karl Manitius . Harrassowitz, Leipzig 1935 (Centralblatt für Bibliothekswesen, supplements Volume 67).


Web links

Wikisource: Max Manitius  - Sources and full texts


  1. See Harry Bresslau : History of the Monumenta Germaniae Historica. Hanover 1921 ( New Archive of the Society for Older German History , Volume 42) p. 605. ( online )
  2. Regina Mahlke: The Handbook of Classical Studies - Notes on the course of publication of a standard work. In: Mitteilungen der Staatsbibliothek Berlin (Preußischer Kulturbesitz), Neue Episode 11, Berlin 2002, Issue 2, pp. 399-414, here p. 400 (also on the following). ( online (PDF; 1.95 MB) ( Memento from September 26, 2007 in the Internet Archive ))
  3. Gabriel Silagi: Manitius, Max. In: Neue Deutsche Biographie (NDB), Volume 16, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1990, p. 36.
  4. ^ Max Manitius in the MGH archive.