The Süsternkapelle was the church of the Augustinians in Herford ( Herford district ), of which only remnants of the north wall testify today.
The Lords of the Herford Fraterhaus decided in 1442 to bring sisters from living together to the city, through whose convent they would then also exercise spiritual leadership. The existence of a convent of sisters on the Holland is first documented in 1449. In 1456 the sisters ("Süstern") were allowed to build a chapel by the Archbishop of Cologne, Dietrich II. Von Moers, as administrator of Paderborn . Mary should be consecrated. In 1459 the sisters had to adopt the Augustine Rule . In 1491 the city council was able to limit the rapidly growing convent to 50 sisters, because the work of women, especially textile production, was an unwelcome competition for the city's craftsmen.
During the construction of the chapel there were also obstacles from the city, which the sisters still complained about in 1517. They also filed a complaint about obstruction on the part of the citizens with regard to ringing bells. The chapel, which was only consecrated with three altars in 1518, served after the Reformation as a place of worship for Roman Catholic believers in the city, which otherwise became Lutheran from 1526 onwards. Due to the Reformation, the monastery became extinct. In 1579 there is still evidence of a very old Augustinian woman.
The ruin of the chapel has been a listed building since 1981 .
Construction and plant
The remnants of the wall of the late Gothic Süsternkapelle that can be seen today on the street “Holland” formed part of the north wall of the chapel, which was a small hall building covered with ribbed vaults. Part of the inner wall is visible. The ribs, of which an arch stone has been preserved, lay on simple profile consoles, two of which can be seen on the wall. In terms of architectural history, the chapel can be compared with the St. Agnes Chapel of the Augustinians in Bocholt.
- ↑ List of architectural monuments in the city of Herford (PDF; 78 kB)
- ↑ Pieper (2003), p. 37
- Karl Hengst : Westphalian monastery book , vol. 1: Ahlen-Mühlheim, Münster 1992.
- Pieper, Roland, Historical Monasteries in Westphalia-Lippe, Münster 2003.
Coordinates: 52 ° 7 ′ 4.1 ″ N , 8 ° 40 ′ 24.3 ″ E