Schönebeck Foundation

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Schönebeck Foundation
Purpose: Studienstiftung, primarily for the descendants of the founders
Chair: Friedrich Christoph Ilgner
Consist: since 1607
Founder: Bartholomäus Schönebeck , his wife Margarethe Salzwedel and their son Christoph Schönebeck
Foundation capital: originally 5,000 Reichsthaler
Seat: Stendal Marienkirche
Bartholomäus (I) Schönebeck, watercolor after a contemporary oil painting
Extract from the deed of foundation

The Schönebeck Foundation is one of the oldest still existing foundations under civil law in Germany . According to the will of the mayor Bartholomäus Schönebeck , who died on February 7th, 1605 in Stendal , the interest from the capital brought in in the form of bonds worth 4,500 Reichsthalers at that time is to be distributed to the future students for the best and better continuation of their studies (old foundation ). His widow Margarethe Salzwedel added 500 Reichsthaler to this capital, so that the original capital of the old foundation was 5,000 Reichsthaler.

3,000 thalers had been invested in the city of Hamburg for 5% since 1604, 1,000 thalers in the Altmark and Prignitz towns for 6%, and 1,000 thalers at 6% had been invested in the Stendal Council since 1583. The prescriptions were placed in a chest with four locks, “because the pastor of St. Mary's has a key here, the mayor who keeps his word the other, the oldest from the heavy side the third, the oldest from the spindle side the fourth. ”The pastor, teacher, cantor and custodian of St. Marien received an amount between 3 guilders and 8 shillings each year for the New Year, a total of 13 guilders and 8 shillings. A poor theology student who was a Stendal citizen's son and had already started his studies was to receive 20 guilders for three years. "What is left of these legacies should be given evenly to 2. young journeymen who are over the age of 18 and want to move to universities (...)," one from the male and one from the female descendant line of the Donor pair (so-called sword and spindle line).

These statutes of the so-called First Schönebeck Foundation were drawn up on January 6, 1607 by the heirs according to the deceased's orders. In 1722 the text was printed as an extract in Stendal.

Her son Christoph Schönebeck , who died on September 29, 1662 in Berlin and left no descendants, determined in a will of September 26, 1662 that his assets after deduction of the legacies listed by him (including a separate school fund, also from the Foundation) would be incorporated into his parents' foundation. This resulted in a fortune of 9,775 Reichsthalers. This asset is called the New Foundation. A log book by Bartholomäus (II) Schönebeck has been preserved in the Stendal City Archives, which contains the reports on the annual meetings of the Board of Trustees from 1623 to 1659. A file in the Brandenburg State Main Archives beginning in 1610 contains family tables of the descendants up to around 1720.

Christoph Schönebeck also brought his extensive library to the foundation, which was expanded to include books by his brother Benedikt Schönebeck . It is still preserved and is in the Marienkirche in Stendal. The library brought in is to be expanded, maintained and made accessible to the public in accordance with the purpose of the foundation.

In Fabian's manual there is also a detailed description of the existing books. These include u. a. Editions of works and individual writings by the church fathers, Luther, Melanchthon and other reformers as well as younger theologians.

The foundation's assets in 1897 were around 125,000 marks.

The foundation not only supported family members, but also non-family members. a. the later archaeologist, librarian, antiquarian and art writer Johann Joachim Winckelmann (1717–1786). At the suggestion of the rector of the Stendal Latin School Esaias Wilhelm Tappert (1666-1738), in whose house the needy Winckelmann had been accepted, the foundation granted him a book grant in 1736 and later a university grant, for which Winckelmann issued a receipt in 1739.

With the exception of the library, wealth was significantly reduced by inflation and currency reform . Nevertheless, the current income is sufficient to grant study grants to descendants of the founders who have provided evidence of birth in accordance with the foundation's purpose.

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ↑ Deed of foundation in the Stendal city archive, files of the Schönebeck Foundation, p. 1
  2. Extract Fidei Commissi des Seel: Mr. Bartholomaei Schönbecken ... Stendal: Johann am Ende, 1722, Stadtarchiv Stendal, files of the Schönebeckschen Foundation, pp. 119–122
  3. ^ News about the Schönebeck Foundation. Stendal 1897, p. 3
  4. BLHA, Rep. 23 AP 89
  5. ^ Bernhard Fabian: Handbook of the historical book holdings in Germany, Austria and Europe. [1]
  6. ^ News about the Schönebeck Foundation. Stendal 1897, p. 4
  7. ^ Request from the Rector of the Stendal Latin School Esaias Wilhelm Tappert for a book grant for Winckelmann to the Schönbeck Foundation of April 4, 1736, Winckelmann Museum Stendal, Collection: Letters and Autographs, Inventory No .: WM-IV-Pa-3, digital [2 ]
  8. Winckelmann receipt for receiving the university scholarship from the Schönbeck Foundation of January 29, 1739, Winckelmann Museum Stendal, collection: Winckelmann autographs, inventory number: WM-IV-Pa-2, digital [3]