Swiss inventory of cultural assets of national and regional importance
The Swiss inventory of cultural assets of national and regional importance is the directory of the 3,200 objects of national and around 6,600 objects of regional importance that are counted among the cultural heritage of Switzerland . In addition to the content of collections and archives, the majority of the protected objects are monuments , with the additional monuments of local importance in Switzerland totaling 75,084 monuments (as of 2016). The cultural property protection department within the Federal Office for Civil Protection, or BABS for short, is responsible for the administrative management of the inventory.
The Hague Conference from April 21 to May 14, 1954 resulted in the Hague Convention for the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict , or HAK for short, of UNESCO , which was signed by Switzerland and 87 other nations on May 14, 1954. To date, the HAK has been signed by over 160 signatory states . In 1999 the Second Protocol to the HAK was drawn up as a supplement, which obliges all signatory states to introduce a national inventory of cultural goods.
This inventory first appeared in 1988. In 1995 and 2009, the Department of Cultural Property Protection (FB KGS) in the Federal Office for Civil Protection, which is the point of contact in Switzerland for all questions relating to the protection of cultural property, published editions number two and three.
According to the provisions of the HAK, the concept of cultural goods includes the following objects:
“Movable or immovable property that is of great importance to the cultural heritage of peoples. Buildings, art, monuments, archaeological sites, books, manuscripts, scientific collections, archives and reproductions of the cultural property. Buildings such as museums, libraries, archives, monasteries and places where movable cultural assets can be brought to safety. "
Ideally, the inventory should represent the entirety of the Swiss landscape of cultural assets and all significant movable objects - typically the contents of collections or archives - and immovable objects - typically buildings or archaeological sites.
The entries are divided into two categories: those of national importance (A objects) and those of regional importance (B objects). Objects of local importance (C objects) are not included in this inventory, but can be recorded in a directory by the cantonal authorities. The objects included in the inventory are selected in cooperation between the cantons, the FB KGS and the "Federal Commission for the Protection of Cultural Property." First, the cantons present the commission with a list of the objects proposed for inclusion in the inventory, whereupon these lists are analyzed and evaluated by evaluation committees (working groups that have expert knowledge in the categories of archeology, archives, libraries, individual buildings and museums). As a result, the results obtained are again negotiated with the cantons and, after they have been assessed in the context of consultations by the administrative bodies concerned, approved by the Federal Council.
The 3rd edition from 2009
The third version of the inventory from November 27, 2009 came up with various innovations compared to the previous version. For the first time, all objects of national importance were classified using a matrix (a standardized inventory sheet with fixed categories) and evaluated using comparable criteria. This applies not only to the largest category of immovable cultural assets, the individual buildings, but also to the collections in archives, libraries and museums as well as to archaeological sites. In addition to the printed publication, which is limited to the listing of A objects for reasons of space, the objects contained in the KGS inventory are also available as canton lists divided into A objects and B objects, and as a web GIS application.
In the event of an armed conflict, the Federal Council can, in accordance with the DDPS Ordinance on the Labeling of Cultural Property and by personnel responsible for the protection of cultural property, order that cultural property of national importance be labeled with a cultural property label. Objects marked in this way must be respected by military authorities and may only be damaged by the parties in the event of the greatest military necessity. For practical reasons, the cultural property label can only be attached to monuments and closed objects such as buildings, but not to public spaces such as archaeological sites, localities or cities; In the case of collections, too, the affixing of the cultural property signs is problematic, as memorial institutions often have more than one depot location.
- Federal publications keyword "KGS"
- Federal Office for Civil Protection FOCP - KGS inventory A objects - canton lists (as of January 1, 2018)
- Website of the Federal Office for Civil Protection FOCP - KGS inventory B objects - Provisional canton lists (as of January 1, 2018)
- Web GIS application KGS inventory
- Federal Act on the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict, Disaster and Emergency (KGSG). SR 520.3. In: Systematic Legal Collection SR . Federal Assembly of the Swiss Confederation , June 20, 2014, accessed on August 5, 2017 (as of January 1, 2016).
- Ordinance on the protection of cultural property in the event of armed conflicts, disasters and emergencies (KGSV). SR 520.31. In: Systematic Legal Collection SR . Swiss Federal Council , October 29, 2014, accessed on August 5, 2017 (as of January 1, 2016).
- Monuments in Switzerland: first results. Monument statistics 2016 and statistics of cultural behavior. Federal Statistical Office, corrected version of December 20, 2018, as well as Swiss Monument Statistics 2016. Over 75,000 protected architectural monuments in Switzerland. Media release by the Federal Statistical Office, December 18, 2018
- the English text can be found on unesco.org accessed on July 26, 2012
- Second Protocol, Article 5. The English text can also be found on the UNESCO website unesco.org, accessed on July 26, 2012
- Protection of cultural property accessed on July 26, 2012
- Civil Protection accessed July 26, 2012
- quoted by Der Kulturgüterschutz (KGS) in Switzerland . ( Memento of March 11, 2016 in the Internet Archive ; PDF; 18 kB) Federal Office for Civil Protection; Retrieved July 26, 2012
- Federal Commission for the Protection of Cultural Property , accessed on April 4, 2020
- The inventory of cultural property protection. In: babs.admin.ch / kulturgueterschutz.ch. Federal Office for Civil Protection FOCP - Department of Cultural Property Protection, accessed on August 5, 2017 .
- A objects. In: babs.admin.ch / kulturgueterschutz.ch. Federal Office for Civil Protection FOCP - Department of Cultural Property Protection, January 1, 2018, accessed on January 6, 2018 .
- B objects. Provisional canton lists B objects (status: 1.1.2018). In: babs.admin.ch / kulturgueterschutz.ch. Federal Office for Civil Protection FOCP - Department of Cultural Property Protection, January 1, 2018, accessed on January 6, 2018 .
- KGS inventory web GIS application. In: map.geo.admin.ch. Federal Office for Civil Protection FOCP - Department of Cultural Property Protection, January 1, 2017, accessed on August 5, 2017 .
- Ordinance of the DDPS on the labeling of cultural property and the personnel responsible for the protection of cultural property (VKKP). SR 520.312. In: Systematic Legal Collection SR . Swiss Federal Council , November 14, 2017, accessed on January 5, 2018 (as of January 1, 2018).