Sepulchral culture

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Sepulchral culture ( Latin sepulcrum , "grave [lege]") includes the culture of death , dying, burial and mourning and can be understood in the broadest sense as a culture of mourning and burial as well as the entirety of all rites in the area of ​​a grave. The term funeral culture (Latin funus , "burial") is synonymous, but less established. Funerary culture includes burial sites such as church / cemeteries and crematoriums , natural burials , grave fields, necropolises , coffins and grave goods, as well as objects and documents relating to the remembrance of the dead such as tombs , inscriptions and hair pictures as well as written evidence, so-called funeral writings , such as memorial books, consolation poems, letters and funeral compositions Funeral sermons .

In Kassel there is the Central Institute and Museum for Sepulchral Culture , which is dedicated to the scientific research of the topic. It shows permanent and changing exhibitions on the history of the Sepulchral Culture.

See also


  • Ute Ecker: tomb and epigram. Studies on early Greek sepulchral poetry. Stuttgart 1990.
  • Kristian Fechtner: Cultures of mourning in transition . In: International Journal for Philosophy and Psychosomatics (E-Journal) 1/2012 ( digitized version ).
  • Norbert Fischer : From the churchyard to the crematorium. A social history of the cemeteries in Germany since the 18th century. Cologne / Weimar / Vienna 1996 ( online ).
  • Martin Sonntag (Ed.): For life and death! Cartoons and caricatures. 2nd Edition. Lappan Verlag GmbH, Hamburg 2017, ISBN 978-3-8303-3453-8 .
  • Reiner Sörries , Wolfgang Neumann: boxes, coaches, caravans. On the way to rest. (= Publication accompanying the exhibition of the same name in the Museum of Sepulchral Culture). Arbeitsgemeinschaft Friedhof und Denkmal, Kassel 1999, ISBN 3-924447-17-9 .
  • Central Institute for Sepulchral Culture Kassel (ed.): Large lexicon of funeral and cemetery culture . Dictionary of Sepulchral Culture. 5 volumes. Thalacker Medien, Braunschweig since 2002, DNB 963152122 .
    • Volume 1: Folklore-cultural-historical part: From abdication to second burial. Thalacker-Medien, Braunschweig 2002, ISBN 3-87815-173-X .
    • Volume 2: Archaeological-art-historical part: From the rubbish pit to the Twelve Tables Act. Thalacker-Medien, Braunschweig 2005, ISBN 3-87815-182-9 .
    • Volume 3: Practically current part. From waste disposal to two-field economy. Practice and Present. Thalacker-Medien, Braunschweig 2010, ISBN 978-3-940087-67-6 .
    • Volume 4: (not yet published).
    • Volume 5: Biographies. Biographical part: from Abraham â Sancta Clara to Johannes Zwingli. Thalacker-Medien, Braunschweig 2016, ISBN 978-3-943787-53-5 .

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Sörries 2002, p. 103.
  2. Sörries 2002, pp. 282f.