The settlement is surrounded by fields to the west of Westerhüsens. The use of round Zollinger roofs is characteristic of the appearance of the small residential area consisting of single-family and semi-detached houses .
The facility extends from Sohlener Straße to the north to the confluence with Welsleber Straße . In the northern part the course of the Arnold-Knoblauch-Strasse is interrupted by the small Netzfeld street running across it . The northernmost part of the settlement is formed by a few houses on the south side of Welsleber Strasse.
In August 1920, the Magdeburg-Südost settlement cooperative asked the city of Magdeburg to develop the property between Sohlener and Welsleber Strasse, which the cooperative had acquired. In the period from 1923 to 1925, the settlement was largely built in its current size. Since the settlement was built a few years earlier than the larger Westerhüsen settlement in the east, which was built in 1926, the term old settlement is still used in the vernacular to some extent today .
The street name goes back to Arnold Knoblauch , who was managing director of the Mitteldeutsche Heimstätte Wohnungsfürsorgegesellschaft mbH from 1921 to 1924 . The street of the first construction phase of the settlements in Westerhüsen was named in his honor from the beginning and thus during his lifetime. The Mitteldeutsche Heimstätte, which he managed, had supported the Southeast Settlement Cooperative, which was building the settlement, in their construction project. The name Netzfeld takes up an old field name that the field carries east of the settlement. This name could be derived from a net-like shape, narrow fields lying next to each other, which may have existed here.
The original large-scale planning was based on the assumption that Magdeburg would double its population to around 500,000 and that urban development would ultimately open up to the Schönebeck (Elbe) , which is significantly further south . However, the population did not grow to this extent. In addition, the development of Magdeburg was increasingly shifted to this area due to the emergence of new industrial areas in the north of the city, the port, Mittelland Canal and the motorway that were created there . Plans from a development plan drawn up by Gerhard Gauger from 1925 to build a sports field east of the northern section of the settlement and to build on the fields east of the settlement with open and closed buildings, including spaces and a church, were not implemented. The same applies to the development plans submitted in 1932, which provided for self-help settlements west of the settlement and south of the Westerhüsen settlement. The settlement was able to maintain its scenic location in the midst of a rural environment near the mountain ranges of the Sohlener Berge , Wellenberge and Frohser Berg .
In 1930 the Settlement Cooperative Southeast was dissolved. Presumably it had already merged with the Neue Heimat settlement association founded in 1925. The aim of the company was to provide economically weaker families with cheap and healthy living space. The population of the settlement consisted of cooperatively committed skilled workers and residents of Westerhüs.
The land and houses became the private property of the users. The streets were initially run as private roads , but later became municipal property. Between the houses number 16 and 17 there was a path that led to Welsleber Strasse , which ran parallel to the west . However, the route was abandoned during the GDR era. On the south side of Netzfeld Street there was a public green area, which has only been used privately since the beginning of the 21st century.
In the explosion at Fahlberg-List in 1931, two residents of Arnold-Knoblauch-Strasse were killed.
While the roofs were designed as Zollinger roofs, the foundations, basement walls and basement ceilings of most houses were made of gravel concrete using the so-called Zollinger pouring method . Incidentally, masonry was traditionally carried out, with the work being largely carried out by the settlers themselves. Later the walls were plastered with lime mortar . The background to the use of the Zollinger roofs, especially in the economically difficult period after the First World War, was that this type of construction meant that wood consumption was around 40 to 50% below the usual amounts. Only small and relatively short pieces of wood were required to shape the roof. At the same time, a column-free roof space was created, which could be used better. For roofing one came beavertail crown coverage applies. On the garden side of the houses, stable buildings were built, which also had a Zollinger roof. A single-family house with a stable cost around 6,400 Reichsmarks at that time . Through the material provided, especially the gravel obtained nearby, and self-help, around 1,600 Reichsmarks could be saved. Due to the concrete pouring method and the necessary tamping of the concrete, special qualifications were not required. It was financed through grants and registered mortgages. The equity to be raised by the settler was 500 Reichsmarks.
The long-time director of the Westerhüsen School of Engineering for Chemistry, “Justus von Liebig”, Rudolf Zernick (1929–1997), lived at Arnold-Knoblauch-Strasse 13 .
- Marta Doehler, Iris Reuther : Settlement development in Westerhüsen Magdeburg southeast , state capital Magdeburg 1995: PDF 1 , PDF 2 , PDF 3 , PDF 4 .
- Ute Kraft in Magdeburg - architecture and urban development , Janos Stekovics publishing house in Halle an der Saale 2001, ISBN 3-929330-33-4 , page 297
- Werner Burghardt, The field names of Magdeburg and the Wanzleben district , Böhlau Verlag Köln Grat 1967, page 215
- Doehler, Kraft, Siedlungsentwicklung , page 53
- Doehler, Kraft, Siedlungsentwicklung , page 62