Socio-ecological system

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The term socio-ecological system describes a coherent system consisting of biophysical and social factors that work together on the basis of regularities in a resilient and sustainable way. It is a special case of a complex adaptive system . The behavior of such systems differs from the behavior of socio-technical systems .


A socio-ecological system has several spatial, temporal and organizational scales. These are usually hierarchically , more precisely even panarchically , linked to one another. It contains a number of critical resources (natural, socio-ecological and cultural), the flow and use of which is regulated by a combination of ecological and social systems.


There are many applications for socio-ecological systems. A well-known application is in particular research on resilience in ecology . More recently, this system view has also found its way into urban planning .


  1. a b c d Charles L. Redman, J. Morgan Grove, Lauren H. Kuby: Integrating Social Science into the Long-Term Ecological Research (LTER) Network: Social Dimensions of Ecological Change and Ecological Dimensions of Social Change. In: Ecosystems. 7, 2004, DOI: 10.1007 / s10021-003-0215-z
  2. ^ Fikret Berkes , Johan Colding & Carl Folke (2002) Navigating Social-Ecological Systems: Building Resilience for Complexity and Change. ISBN 0521815924
  3. Simin Davoudi , Elizabeth Brooks & Abid Mehmood (2013) Evolutionary Resilience and Strategies for Climate Adaptation, Planning Practice & Research, 28: 3, 307-322