Spielschar (Hitler Youth)

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The Spielscharen were groups within the Hitler Youth , whose young members were active in the artistic field. They designed theater and music performances related to the ideology of the National Socialists and ethnic youth work. They consisted of artistically or musically gifted young people who performed a variety of tasks with their formations: They accompanied the marches and celebrations of the Hitler Youth, special formations were responsible for radio productions of the Reich broadcasters . In 1937, the Reich Youth Leader Baldur von Schirach issued the Reichspielscharordnung which laid down "... the structure and organization of the youngest special formations ..." and included them in the series of HJ special formations alongside news , navy , motor and aviator HJ posed.

Especially for children and young people who were interested in a career in the theater or orchestra, the game crowd was an exceptional opportunity to get involved in the Hitler Youth. "The Spielschar was ... a refuge for those who considered the usual service at the Bund Deutscher Mädel and the HJ to be very unimaginative and unproductive, in the best case a waste of time." A special feature was that in the Spielschar there was no gender was separated.

Artists who were organized in a game group and became known during or after the war were z. B. the actress Ingrid van Bergen and the composer Siegfried Köhler .


  • Anne Keller: The 'aligned' viewer - On the propaganda tasks of the Hitler Youth Laienspielscharen , in André Barz, Gabriela Paule (ed.): The viewer - analysis of a construction in a theater-pedagogical context; LIT publishing house; Berlin / Münster 2013 ( limited preview as Google Book )

Web links

Youth 1918–1945 - Documentation of the situation of children and young people between the first and the end of the Second World War

Individual evidence

  1. Detailed description of the game and singing groups on jugend1918-1945.de ; accessed on December 16, 2015.
  2. Wolfgang Stumme: Music in the people . Springer-Verlag, 2013, p. 290 ( limited preview ).
  3. Pilsen - The End in World War II 1945 - video on youtube.com: Ingrid van Bergen reports on her membership in a game group; accessed on December 16, 2015.
  4. Erhard Eppler : Left live: memories of a conservative value . Ullstein eBooks, Berlin 2015, ISBN 3-8437-1168-2 ( limited preview in Google book search).