Subordination (linguistics)

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Subordination describes the connection of at least two sentences, whereby one sub-sentence is syntactically integrated into the other sentence . A compound sentence with a subordinate connection leads to a sentence structure . In connection with the connection of two sentences or clauses, a distinction is made between subordinate clauses (protasis, subordinated clauses ) and main clauses ( apodosis , subordinating clauses ); the subordinated (“subordinate”) sentence is therefore dependent on the subordinate (“superordinate”) sentence.

The sentence that is integrated into the other is thus subordinate to the other. It is classically referred to as a subordinate clause, the other is classified as a main clause. This relationship represents the pair of terms matrix set and constituent set . The constituent sentence is embedded in the matrix sentence, it is a constituent of the matrix sentence, so that the subordinated sentences can be divided according to their position in the syntactic structure of the matrix sentence into:

  • Complementary sentences serve as the subject or object of the verb of the matrix sentence,
  • Data sets serve as free data of the matrix set,
  • Attribute sentences serve as an attribute of a noun phrase (such as relative clauses).

One also differentiates:

See also

Individual evidence

  1. syntax. University of Frankfurt am Main, p. 3
  2. supplementary sentences .
  3. are subordinate clauses in the syntactic function of an adverbial statement statement sentence. University of Erlangen ( Memento of the original from March 4, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /