Türkiye İşçi Partisi

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Workers' Party of Turkey
Workers' Party of Turkey.jpg
founding February 13, 1961
again in 1976
resolution July 20, 1971
again in 1988
Alignment socialism
Parliament seats 15 of 450

The Türkiye İşçi Partisi ( TİP for short , {Turkish for "Workers' Party of Turkey") was a socialist party in Turkey in the 1960s.

TİP was founded on February 13, 1961 by twelve leading trade unions. In the election for the National Assembly in 1965 , it achieved its greatest success with three percent of the vote and sent 15 members to parliament. The Soviet invasion of Czechoslovakia in 1968 split the TIP like many other socialist parties. The party chairman Mehmet Ali Aybar sympathized with the ideas of the “Prague Spring” and was critical of the Soviet Union . After the party's failure in the parliamentary elections in 1969 , he was ousted from the party leadership and replaced by the Marxist sociologist Behice Boran, who gave the party a pro-Soviet orientation for the rest of its existence.


It was the first party to recognize the reality of a “ Kurdish question ” and to include this in its party program. That is why the TİP was banned by the Constitutional Court on July 20, 1971. After its re-establishment in 1976, it was no longer able to mobilize its old base and in the 1977 elections only received 0.14 percent of the vote. After the military coup of September 12, 1980 , TİP was banned again and therefore continued to work underground. Many leading cadres found asylum in Europe and continued their political work from there.

In 1988 the TIP merged with the Communist Party of Turkey (TKP) to form the "United Communist Party of Turkey" (TBKP).


  1. Avni Erakalın (1961–1962)
  2. Kemal Turkler (1962)
  3. Mehmet Ali Aybar (1962–1969)
  4. M. Ali Aslan (1969)
  5. Şaban Yıldız (1970)
  6. Behice Boran (1971-1980)