Dough pressure

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The dough pressure (Engl. Paste print) is a graphical technique that in the 15th and early 16th century spread found.


The sheets obtained consist of a carrier paper on which there is a plastically deformable mass as a thin layer. On top of this is a thin metal foil that can be provided with an orange glaze to increase the shine of the metal. There is a black color on the raised relief areas . The metal is visible in the deeper places and creates the image. The motif of the relief is visible through the applied black color even without oblique light.


A cut metal plate with a relief like a stamp was pressed into the plastically deformable mass, the “dough” . Strictly speaking, it is therefore an embossing technique. A layer of paint was applied to the raised areas.

The "dough" could also be made with wool flakes or the like. be sprinkled (flock technique).


Sheets in this technique are extremely rare. A total of around 200 original dough prints have been preserved, most of them inserted or glued into books. Many of them are in very bad shape. The metal foil is believed to have often consisted of tin , which corroded to form tin oxide , a white powder .

Dough prints are extremely sensitive to moisture and mechanical stress.

Web links


  • Andreas Uhr: Graphic rarities - dough prints in books from Lower Saxony women's monasteries, today in the Herzog August Library Wolfenbüttel , in: Rosaries and Soul Gardens - Education and Piety in Lower Saxony Women's Monasteries ( exhibition catalogs of the Herzog August Library ; 96), ed. by Britta-Juliane Kruse, Wiesbaden 2013, ISBN 978-3-447-06813-0 , pp. 63–70.
  • Isa Fleischmann: metal cutting and dough printing. Technology and development at the time of early book printing , Mainz am Rhein: von Zabern, 1998, ISBN 3-8053-2462-6 .