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In geography, a plain or a wide river valley with a height above sea level below about 150 meters is referred to as a low plain (also lowland ) .

With regard to the altitude levels of the mountains , the lowland corresponds to the planar altitude level of ecology , biogeography and geobotany .


Examples in Germany are the Upper Rhine Plain , the Cologne Bay , parts of the Münsterland and the North German Lowland with numerous landscapes in the northernmost quarter of Germany.

In Austria - in spite of a different name - the Vienna Basin should be included, in Hungary the Pannonian Plain . Due to the sea elevation that is on average too high, Switzerland has no lowlands, except for its share of the Rhine valley near Basel .

In Hungary, the region east of the Danube is also known as the Great Plain (Hungarian Alföld ).


  • Hermann Credner: elements of geology. Publishing house Рипол Классик, ISBN 978-5875-4613-54 .

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Wiktionary: Plain  - explanations of meanings, origins of words, synonyms, translations