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Tschernitza is a black earth- like flood plain . The topsoil is formed by an at least 40 cm thick Axh horizon, i.e. a humus-rich, well- aggregated mineral soil horizon with high base saturation . Further horizons of fluvial sediments can follow below.

Tschernitzen are mainly found in older floodplains with pronounced floodplains, such as along Alpine rivers, which regularly carry significantly more water when the snow melts. They also occur in loess areas .

In the international soil classification World Reference Base for Soil Resources (WRB), the Tschernitzen usually belong to the phaeozemes .

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