Villa Quijano

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Capricho gaudi 201108.jpg

Basic data
Place: Comillas , Cantabria , Spain
Use: Summer villa
Construction time: 1883 - 1885
Architect : Antoni Gaudí
Architectural style : Modernisme , Mudejar style
Technical specifications
Floors: 3
Building material: Brick , ceramic

The Villa Quijano , also known as El Capricho ("The Whim"), is a well-known building by the Catalan architect Antoni Gaudí .

This building is a summer country house in Comillas near the Cantabrian city ​​of Santander . The client was the wealthy businessman Don Máximo Díaz de Quijano. It was built from 1883 to 1885, around the same time as Gaudí's Casa Vicens and the Güell Pavilions in Barcelona. In addition to some early elements of modernism , all three buildings show clear borrowings from the Mudejar style .

The most striking feature of the villa is the cylindrical observation tower above the entrance portal, which in turn rests on four round columns. The tower is clad with colorful ceramic tiles. The tiles with their sunflower pattern can also be found on the rest of the facade, where they structure the exposed brickwork as horizontal bands. In the symbolism of the building there are not only allusions to nature, but also to music. So are z. B. attached to the counterweights of the vertical sliding window metal leaves that play music when moving.

Gaudí never saw the villa himself and left it to his college friend Cristóbal Cascante to explain it on site.

Villa Quijano is one of three works that Antoni Gaudí created outside of Catalonia. The others are the Episcopal Palace in Astorga and the Casa Botines in León.


  • Joan Bergós i Massó / Joan Bassegoda i Nonell / Maria A. Crippa: Gaudí. The man and the work . Hatje Cantz Verlag, Ostfildern 2000, ISBN 3-7757-0950-9
  • Xavier Güell: Antoni Gaudí . Verlag für Architektur Artemis, Zurich 1987, ISBN 3-7608-8121-1

Web links

Commons : Villa Quijano  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Coordinates: 43 ° 23 ′ 1 ″  N , 4 ° 17 ′ 35 ″  W.