Villon (Robert Louis Stevenson)
Villon ( English A Lodging for the Night ) is a short story by the Scottish writer Robert Louis Stevenson . The episode from the life of the poet François Villon was published in 1877 as the author's first prose text in the British literary magazine Temple Bar and in 1882 it was included in the New Arabian Nights short story collection .
Villon, living in the midst of Parisian crooks, crooks, thieves and murderers, also considers himself a “black villain”, but does not allow himself to be beaten down.
Snowy Paris in November 1456: In a small house near the Saint-Jean church, Villon is composing the "Ballad of the Fried Fish". His cronies Montigny and Thevenin Pensete enjoy gambling. Montigny loses and stabs Thevenin. The perpetrator distributes the dead man's money to the other crooks loitering in the house. Before they leave the house in Montfaucon for fear of the gallows , they steal Villon's wallet.
Villon, looking for a place to stay for the night, goes into a half-ruined house and steps on a dead whore in the dark. Villon doesn't want to stay in such a company at any cost. At his adoptive father, the chaplain of Saint-Benoît, he knocks, whimpering, in vain. Villon can hardly expect pity from other people, for example from old friends. He vilified, betrayed and beaten her. The good mother would have been the salvation. If only he knew where she lives.
He still has a house. There it will be opened to him. Mistake. At his knock, a bucket full of rinse water soaks the trousers. The freezing clothes will kill him, Villon fears. He has to break into the nearest suitable house of a rich man. No, he knocks and luckily the door is opened to him. The master of the house - that is none other than Engelram von Feuillée , Herr von Brisetout, bailiff of Patatrac - recognizes the nocturnal troublemaker as a thief and still entertains him. Villon is allowed to dry his trousers by the fireplace and speak to the wine, but has to listen to the Count's moral sermon. When the talk of the soldier's battle in the field of honor becomes too colorful for Villon, he contradicts the veteran knight. Soldiers - so Villon - are worse than a single Parisian thief. He stays there. The night passes over the argument. Villon thanks for the roast mutton. The count releases his guest into the cold of the morning.
- J. Kelman accuses the author of "surprising and often completely unnecessary expenditure of murder and bloodshed".
- Necessity made Villon a thief and a vagabond. The poet emerges victorious in the dispute with the Count of Brisetout.
- In his debut, Stevenson emphasized the description of gestures and faces. The murder of Thevenin Penete at the beginning of the text steers the plot in a certain direction. Dölvers aptly writes, Stevensons "Villon is a lonely figure, cast out by society and characteristically based on an impulsive, instinct-determined life".
- Reinbold regards the early work as a "style exercise", notes autobiographical features and claims that Stevenson created Villon as a "caricature of himself".
- May 13, 1953, USA: A Lodging for the Night by Bernard Knowles with Douglas Fairbanks Jr. as Villon and Felix Aylmer as Brisetout.
- 1953, USA: Lodging for a Night with Adolphe Menjou .
- 7 May 1990, Poland: Nocny gość by Stanisław Różewicz with Jacek Mikołajczak as Villon.
- Audio book
- Robert Louis Stevenson: quarters for one night . Verlag HöRbuch, Marburg 2004. CD in German. Director: Hans Eckardt . Translator: Alastair . Speaker: Ulrich Ritter . ISBN 978-3-89614-318-1
- Robert Louis Stevenson: Villon. Narrative. With woodcuts by Werner Klemke . Epilogue: Georg Seehase. Insel-Verlag Anton Kippenberg, Leipzig 1965 (5th edition, Insel-Bücherei No. 234). 63 pages
- Robert Louis Stevenson: Villon . Pp. 132-159. (Translator: Irma and Albrecht Schäfer) in Robert Louis Stevenson: The wide horizon. Tales ( Strangers . The mad men . The corpse robber . Villon. Providence and the guitar. The story of a lie. The treasure of Franchard. The beach of Falesa . The island of voices . The bottle devil ). Dieterich'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung , Leipzig 1987 (6th edition), ISBN 3-7350-0026-6
- Robert Louis Stevenson: Quarters for the night. Want from the mill . Salzwasser Verlag, Paderborn 2012, ISBN 978-3-8460-0308-4 , 76 pages
- Horst Dölvers: The narrator Robert Louis Stevenson. Interpretations. Francke Verlag, Bern 1969, without ISBN. 200 pages
- Michael Reinbold: Robert Louis Stevenson. Rowohlt, Reinbek 1995, ISBN 3-499-50488-X .
- also: A night's quarters and quarters for the night .
- French Church of St. Benedict .
- Edition used.
- Reinbold, p. 153, 16. Zvo
- engl. Temple Bar
- Reinbold, p. 62, 10th Zvu
- engl. New Arabian Nights
- Reinbold, p. 64, 1. Zvo
- Reinbold, p. 63, 5. Zvo
- French Regnier de Montigny
- Edition used, p. 152, 16. Zvo
- J. Kelman (Edinburgh anno 1903) cited in Dölvers, p. 22, 10. Zvu and p. 175, footnote 10
- Seehase in the afterword of the Leipzig edition from 1965, p. 59, 14th Zvu
- Seehase in the afterword of the Leipzig edition from 1965, p. 60, 7. Zvo
- Dölvers, p. 19, 6th Zvu
- Dölvers, p. 20, 12th Zvu
- Dölvers, p. 23, 21. Zvo
- Reinbold, p. 63, 1. Zvu
- Reinbold, p. 63, 4th Zvo and 14th Zvu
- Polish Nocny gość
- engl. Stanisław Różewicz
- Polish Jacek Mikołajczak