Vulgarism (language)

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

As vulgarism is called a coarse, vulgar or obscene word that the shame hurt or good taste. Vulgarisms belong to the vulgar language .

A vulgarism that offends the person referred to is also a swear word (example: bastard ). However, not every swear word is vulgarism (example: bad mother ). Conversely, not every vulgarism is a swear word (example: pisswarm ). Vulgarisms, which are primarily used to express anger or surprise, are also cursed words (example: shit! ). A strong expression or force word is a crude, vulgar expression as an expression of anger, astonishment and the like.

Examples of the use of vulgarisms

Among the vulgarisms in German include many of the compositions Scheiß- as first member of compound words . As an example of such a “vulgar term”, Pfeiffer cites the word “shit house” for “lavatory”. More examples from the same source: " Asshole ", "Chickenfucker", "Motherfucker".

Vulgarisms in German-language literature

The consistent use of high-level language was one of the aesthetic conventions of high-level literature in German-speaking countries until the 20th century . For a long time, expressions from the language of the people contradicted notions of linguistic beauty and were therefore avoided by writers.

A turning point in this conception of linguistic aesthetics began when, with the advancement of bourgeois literature , the place of aristocratic heroes increasingly took the place of ordinary people and the action was no longer located in royal courts but in the living environment of citizens, peasants and workers. Colloquial expressions appeared in large numbers in German drama for the first time in the 20th century - a phenomenon that literary critics and literary scholars have dealt intensively with.

Relevant passages are, in addition to the Götz quote , among other things in the robbers ("Did you wait so long until we lit the litter under your ass ...") and in the Woyzeck ("I saw it, Woyzeck; he has Street piss, piss on the wall, like a dog. ") To find.


  • Helmut Glück (Ed.): Metzler Lexicon Language . 4th edition; Verlag JB Metzler , Stuttgart and Weimar, 2010, ISBN 3-476-02335-4
  • Berhand Sowinski: German stylistics. Fischer, Frankfurt / M. 1986, p. 239: vulgar words and phrases. ISBN 3-596-26147-3 .
  • CJ Wells: Deutsch: Eine Sprachgeschichte bis 1945. Niemeyer, Tübingen 1990, ISBN 3-484-10638-7 , p. 328. The book contains references to the use of vulgarisms in the 18th century and in the time of National Socialism.

Web links

Wiktionary: Vulgarism  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations

Individual evidence

  1. Kraftausdruck in, accessed on March 23, 2015
  2. Herbert Pfeiffer: The great Schimpfwortbuch: Over 10,000 swear words, mockery and teasing words to designate people. Eichborn, Frankfurt 1966, ISBN 3-8218-3444-7 , p. 315.