Wat Ratchaburana (Bangkok)
Wat Ratchaburana Ratchaworawihan ( Thai : วัด ราช บุ รณ ราชวรวิหาร ) is a Buddhist temple ( wat ) at the southern end of the so-called Rattanakosin Island in the district of Phra Nakhon in Bangkok , Thailand .
Wat Ratchaburana was built as early as the late Ayutthaya period . Its name was initially "Wat Liab" (Thai: วัด เลียบ ), as it was built by a Chinese merchant named Liab. During the Thonburi period (1767–1782) it was the seat of the supreme monk patriarch of the Thai Sangha . After the founding of Bangkok in 1782 by King Phutthayotfa, who was later called Rama I , the temple was first restored by Chaofa Krommaluang, a grandson of King Phutthayotfa. Then it got its current name Wat Ratchaburana Ratchaworawihan and was raised to the rank of " Royal Temple Second Class ".
During the reign of King Phra Phutthaloetla ( Rama II ) , 162 Buddha statues , which "survived" the destruction of the ancient capital Ayutthaya by the Burmese in 1767, were brought to this temple from all over the country. A new Wihan was built for 80 special statues .
Because the temple was next to the Wat Liab substation ("Wat Liab Power Plant"), it was so badly damaged by air strikes during World War II that it was removed from the list of royal temples. Later, however, the abbot Phra Khuna Charawat managed to rebuild the temple with the help of the people living in the area. Today's ubosot was built in 1960, the old prang from the Ayutthaya period was restored in 1962.
This somewhat remote temple gets its meaning from the well-known painter Khrua In Khong. He was born in Bang Chan, Phetchaburi Province , ordained at Wat Ratchaburana, and remained a monk in that temple throughout his life . His most famous works include the wall paintings in the Ubosot of Wat Bowonniwet .
The Wat Ratchaburana School was attended by important figures such as Phraya Manopakorn Nititada , the first premier of Thailand.
- Wiyada Thongmitr: Khrua In Khong's Westernized School of Thai Paintings ( จิตรกรรม แบบ สากล สกุล ช่าง ขรัว อิน โข่ง ). Thai Cultural Data Center, Bangkok 1979, (oh. ISBN)
- Clarence Aasen: Architecture of Siam . Oxford University Press 1998, ISBN 983-56-0027-9