White Winter Calville

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
White Winter Calville
Art Cultivated apple ( Malus domestica )
group Calville
origin presumably France
known since before 1600

Random seedling

List of apple varieties
View of the fruit

The White Winter Calville ( Weißer Winterkalvill ) is a very tasty variety of the cultivated apple (Malus domestica) . It is also called Calville blanc d'hiver , paradise apple , raspberry apple , quince apple or white cardinal ; Over a hundred synonyms are known worldwide. Presumably it was bred in France before 1600 ; in Bad Boll it was mentioned as early as 1598 by Johann Bauhin under the name White Zurich Apple .

Taste and food value

The White Winter Kalvill is one of the table apples (so it is intended for raw consumption) and is one of the tastiest varieties. At the beginning of the 20th century , especially well-grown fruits of this variety were paid between 0.50 and 1.50 Reichsmarks per piece. The hundredweight price (50 kg) was 100 to 150 marks - a monthly inspector salary at that time was 412 Reichsmarks.

Alwin Seifert (1890–1972), the author of the book Gärtnern, Ackern ohne Poison , describes this apple in retrospect (Easter 1913) as follows: “This white winter calville was not traded by pounds or kilos, but by individual pieces. An apple of grade A cost 3 Austrian crowns, which was 2.55 marks. They went to the Tsar's court in St. Petersburg. Sorting B cost 2 crowns, or 1.70 marks; they went to Berlin at the imperial court. Only grade C, the piece at 1 crown = 85 pfennigs, that was the value of a middle-class lunch, was among the people. "

The flavorful, juicy and sweet-sour apples have a distinctive strawberry aroma when ripe , hence the name white strawberry or raspberry apple . The pulp of this apple is "[...] of such a select wine taste that you think you are eating pineapple, or strawberries that are dressed with champagne", JP Mayer raves about this variety in his 1801 Pomona Franconica .

Maturity and care

The fruits ripen from October and are ready to eat from December; Between harvest and consumption they should therefore be stored for a few weeks to fully develop their taste. If the conditions are favorable, they last until April.

The winter calvill is very maintenance-intensive and is therefore rarely found in amateur fruit growing. Because of its early and short flowering , it is also very sensitive to weathering. It is therefore recommended to grow it as a trellis tree on a weakly growing base on a rain-protected south wall. Since the skin is also sensitive, the apple must be carefully harvested and stored. The tree is believed to be prone to various diseases and pests .

Individual evidence

  1. Alwin Seifert . Gardening, farming without poison . Biederstein. Munich. 1977. ISBN 3-7642-0150-9 . P. 127
  2. E. Lucas, JGC Oberdieck, F. Jahn: Illustrirtes Handbuch der Obstkunde . 1855
  3. ^ JP Mayer: Pomona Franconica . 1801


  • Walter Hartmann (ed.): Color Atlas Old Fruit Varieties , Stuttgart 2000
  • Martin Stangl; Growing fruit in one's own garden , Munich 2000

Web links

Commons : White Winter Calville  - Collection of Images, Videos, and Audio Files