List of apple varieties

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The list of apple varieties contains over 7600 names of over 5700 varieties with over 2900 images of the cultivated apple .


Appearance of the variety names

Multiple names

  • Since many, especially old varieties, have very different regional names, all known names are listed for each variety.
  • Each variety has a main entry with the preferred name (if there is an article for the variety, with a link to its lemma) and, if possible, with a picture and a more detailed description.
  • Subordinate variety names each have a secondary entry that only refers to the main entry; possibly also on several main entries, separated by commas. Side entries contain no further information or images and no links.
  • In the main entry, in the first column after the preferred name, the other names are added alphabetically in brackets and separated from one another by a comma. To avoid confusion with compound names in parentheses, e.g. B. "Cox Orange Pippin (Potter)", the subordinate names are introduced by an "or:", z. B. "Berlepsch (or: Baron De Berlepsch, Freiherr Von Berlepsch, Goldrenette Freiherr Von Berlepsch)".
  • Foreign language names are possible.
  • If there are German names, these are used as a preferred designation.

special character

Names are not listed separately for which only

  • an umlaut or another letter with diacritical marks was reduced to its basic letter ("Altländer" -> "Altlander")
  • a "ß" was replaced by "ss" ("Prussian" → "Prussian")
  • a hyphen ("-") has been replaced by a space ("") or vice versa.

Spelling of names

  • The names are put in the singular.
  • Preceding articles are omitted ("La Nationale" → "Nationale")
  • All names are written in the Latin alphabet and transcribed accordingly for other original spellings.
  • Old spellings are modernized ("Zimmel-like crown apple" → "Cinnamon-like crown apple")
  • The first letter of every word in the name is capitalized, everything else is lowercase.
  • Letters and numbers are separated by a space.
  • The genitive apostrophe in English variety names is retained.
  • Diacritical marks, "ß", hyphens, periods and round brackets are possible.
  • The names do not contain commas.


The list is sorted alphabetically according to the variety name.

  • No distinction is made between uppercase and lowercase letters.
  • Letters with diacritics are treated like the corresponding basic letters. (The Wikimedia table sorting does it a little differently, e.g. it sorts accented letters after the normal alphabet.)
  • Hyphens are sorted like spaces.
  • Apostrophes and periods are ignored ("Citron D'Hiver" like "Citron DHiver", "Wadey's Seedling" like "Wadey's Seedling").
  • "Ss" is sorted like "ss".


Links to individual articles on apple varieties are only placed on main and not on secondary entries.


Sources are only given in the main entries; the side entries remain without references.

Individual evidence is given as usual; the mass verifications come from the following sources:


  • Alfred Aeppli: types of fruit. Description and evaluation of pome and stone fruit varieties. 3rd edition, significantly revised and expanded. Agricultural learning resources center, Zollikofen 1989, ISBN 3-906679-06-3 .
  • Herbert Bischof: Grandfather's old fruit varieties. Kosmos, Stuttgart 1998, ISBN 3-440-07398-X .
  • Johannes Boysen: Fruit varieties in North Frisia. A cross-section of the fruit varieties from northern North Friesland. (With photo CD). Videel Publishing, Niebüll 2001, ISBN 3-89906-381-3 .
  • Gerhard Götz , Robert Silbereisen: Fruit types atlas. Pome fruit, stone fruit, soft fruit, nuts. Ulmer, Stuttgart 1989, ISBN 3-8001-5527-3 .
  • Walter Hartmann (Ed.): Color atlas of old fruit varieties. Ulmer, Stuttgart 2000, ISBN 3-8001-3173-0 .
  • Martina Heilmeyer, Clemens A. Wimmer: Apples for the people (= Potsdam pomological stories ). Vacat, Potsdam 2002, ISBN 3-930752-21-2 .
  • Joan Morgan, Allison Richards: The New Book Of Apples: The Definitive Guide to Apples, Including Over 2000 Varieties. Rev. Ed., Ebury Press, 2002, ISBN 978-0-09-188398-0 .
  • Franz Mühl: Old and new apple varieties. 3rd, expanded edition. Obst- und Gartenbauverlag, Munich 1999, ISBN 3-87596-093-9 .
  • Herbert Petzold : Apple varieties. 4th, revised and expanded edition. Neumann, Radebeul 1990, ISBN 3-7402-0075-8 .
  • Robert Silbereisen: Apple varieties. Market varieties, novelties and cider apples. 3rd, revised and expanded edition. Ulmer, Stuttgart 1986, ISBN 3-8001-5524-9 .
  • Willi Votteler: Directory of apple and pear varieties. 3340 double names, 1360 variety descriptions. 3. Edition. Obst- und Gartenbauverlag, Munich 1993, ISBN 3-87596-086-6 .
  • Hans-Joachim Bannier: Modern apple breeding: Genetic impoverishment and tendencies towards inbreeding Loss of vitality only visible when the use of fungicides is not used. In: Commercial fruit growing. January 2011, Volume 52, Issue 3, pp. 85–110, doi: 10.1007 / s10341-010-0113-4 , Apfelzüchtung.Genet_.Verarmung-u.Tendenz-z.Inzucht.Erwerbsobstbau-04.01.2011.pdf online ( PDF; 1.18 MB), from Kultur, accessed on February 8, 2017.
  • Johann-Heinrich Rolff (Ed.): The apple - variety names and synonyms. Volume 1, Kiefersfelden 2001, ISBN 978-3-8311-0956-2 .

See also

Web links

Commons : Apple cultivars by name  - collection of images, videos and audio files