Viennese violin making

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The so-called Viennese violin making is traced back to the first written mention of the Viennese lute maker from the 15th century.


From the 17th century some stringed instruments by Viennese masters have already survived, who at the end of the 17th century united to form the "Lute and Violin Makers Guild".

Violin making flourished in the 18th century due to the dynamic economic and cultural development of Vienna . Almost all of the masters of this period immigrated from Füssen , including Antony Posch, Johann Georg Thir (approx. 1710–1781), whose successor was Franz Geissenhof , known as the “Viennese Stradivarius”, or Martin Stoss . Johann Georg Thir's cousin Matthias Thir , started his own business in Vienna in 1770. Matthias Thir's son was Anton Thir (another spelling: Tirr).

In the 19th century there was a close personal and stylistic connection between the violin making schools in Vienna, Prague and Budapest. The most important representatives of these are Johann Baptist Schweitzer (Vienna and Budapest), Jan Kulik (Vienna and Prague), Gabriel Lemböck (Vienna and Budapest) and Thomas Zach (Prague, Vienna, Budapest).

After the end of the monarchy , violin making in Vienna stagnated in the 20th century; In the last few decades there has been an upswing thanks to violin makers such as Hans Rombach and Gerlinde Reutterer.


  • Ferdinand Prochart: Viennese violin making in the 19th and 20th centuries. (Vienna Publications on Musicology, Volume 16), Tutzing 1976, ISBN 978-3-7952-0305-4 .

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