A trailer park is a residential area in which mostly caravans or mobile homes are permanently set up and inhabited. The economically justified caravan settlements differ from the socially and politically motivated car spaces and from permanent camping , although there are also overlaps.
The English name for Trailer Park is "trailer park". According to the National Manufactured Home Owners Association , 17 million people in the United States live in trailer parks , and estimates by the census authority are as high as 20 million. They are distributed over 6.8 million caravans and mobile homes, of which 2.9 million, about 43%, are on private land. There have been legal minimum standards for the construction and safety of mobile dormitories since 1976.
In English , the term trailer trash (from trailer = trailer , trash = garbage) is used as a derogatory term for the financially weak population of the country, since caravan houses are an inexpensive way to get a home. In the United States , tornadoes and hurricanes cause the worst damage to trailer parks, because the buildings there are not anchored in the ground and are less wind-resistant than conventional houses.
The residents of caravan estates usually know each other well because they live together in a confined space. They themselves usually use the abbreviation TP for trailer park , based on the tent of the North American natives ( tipi ) .
In the Netherlands , too, there is a similarly financially weak population who lives in so-called woonwagenkampen . The largest and best known is near Maastricht and is called De Karosseer. The residents are called woonwagenbewoners ; the term has a negative connotation in the Netherlands .
- Trailer Park Boys , Canadian television series
- The National Manufactured Home Owners Association Web site (English)
- Caitlin Sona Gorback, Trailer Park Economics , Duke University, North Carolina, 2011 (English, PDF , 6 MB)
- The Guardian, America's trailer parks: the residents may be poor but the owners are getting rich , May 3, 2015
- Figures on the NMHOA website
- Manufactured Home Construction and Safety Standards, 2010 version, US Government Publishing Office
- Why Does God Hate Trailer Trash? On the website of the religious parody Landover Baptist Church , a fictional Christian fundamentalist pastor answers the equally fictional letter from a girl in a trailer park , alluding to the clichés about its residents