For example, wagon spaces were created after the Second World War when refugees had no other accommodation. From this time there are also laws that later prohibit living in construction trailers (with exceptions).
Today's carriage places are, like many squats , places of alternative culture . These wagon villages developed from the squatter scene in the mid-1980s. Often wagon villages are only tolerated by the landowners and authorities and are constantly in danger of being evacuated. Residents see life in Wagendörfer as an “exit from the consumer-oriented society” and a “step towards a self-determined way of life”, but also as a possibility of a mobile life. You can find some imaginative self-made buildings on the squares.
Some of the car spaces are in illegally occupied areas, others have rental agreements with the respective city, and almost all of them have electricity, water and sewage connections. The residents chose this type of living themselves.
Many car spaces are controversial, especially from the conservative side. A controversial site for a trailer was Bambule- Platz in Hamburg, the evacuation of which in 2002 led to a conflict that lasted for months. The parking lot of the shadow parking lot in Freiburg im Breisgau has been cleared again and again for ten years. Zaffaraya in Bern has existed for 30 years (as of December 2015); but its existence is threatened.
Opponents question the hygienic conditions in the car park or the legal status and demand bans and evictions. In the Hamburg conflict, for example, the city demanded that the trailer dwellers should move into the apartments offered to them individually on the outskirts of the city, or otherwise live together in rural areas outside of Hamburg.
Proponents of the construction trailer lifestyle refer to the low cost of living, the possibility of mobility , social life in contrast to being isolated in a single apartment, and call for tolerance for self-determined living and the legalization of their form of living ( see also: commune (living community) ). In the Hamburg conflict, they demanded the right to participate in the city, respect for their way of life and the abolition of the site trailer legislation.
Because of their social and political demands, wagon spaces differ from economically justified trailer parks .
- Wagon castles that were driven up to a defensive position were militarily relevant until the 19th century
- Hut village
- Stefan Canham: Construction trailer. Mobile squatters . Peperoni Books, Berlin 2006, ISBN 3-9809677-1-9 (illustrated book)
- Hubertus Janssen (Red.): On to the constitutional defense of the wagon castles. Against the abuse of law and the police in favor of the prevailing notions of order; at the example of Ostfildern . Committee for Fundamental Rights and Democracy, Cologne 1998, ISBN 3-88906-076-5 .
- Anke Schulz: Fish crate village Lurup. Settlement projects, allotments, site trailers and camps, 1920 to 1950 . VSA-Verlag, Hamburg 2002, ISBN 3-87975-892-1 .