Ornamental garden

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Ornamental garden with flower borders at the house

An ornamental garden is a garden which , in contrast to the so-called kitchen garden, does not primarily serve the cultivation and utilization of useful plants . In an ornamental garden, plants are only used in different combinations because of their design and aesthetic aspects.

In addition to its function as a place for people to relax, it can also serve for representation or artistic self-realization. Ornamental gardens and gardens are generally popular subjects in painting, literature and film .

Design of an ornamental garden

Starting from the house , a terrace is usually the architectural transition from the living area to the garden area. This can by a pergola with large volume vine or splendor wind plants are umraumt. Paved or gravel paths open up the entire area of ​​the property. Trees, smaller trees or shrubs serve as privacy and wind protection.

Both in terms of species richness and aesthetics, varied plantings with different genera, such as. B. maples , lilac , hazelnut , cornel or rowan are used, which ultimately also vary in size and shape. Changing flowering times can set color accents, and annual or perennial flowers and perennials also contribute to this.

In contrast to natural gardens , non-native trees are also planted, which often cannot be pollinated by insects.

Typical ornamental garden plants are rhododendrons , which are popular in the shaded corners of the garden in early summer because of their richness of color.

Furthermore, large areas of lawn can also serve as a usable area in addition to the decorative effect.

So that colored accents can be set in the ornamental garden in autumn, z. As late-blooming asters , long blooming Erika and the evergreen firethorn planted.

In winter, various evergreen trees such as the wrinkled viburnum ( Viburnum rhytidophyllum ) or the dry stalks of perennial grasses can provide variety. Also, bamboo is now being transplanted in Central European gardens.

A garden pond is installed as an additional element in some ornamental gardens , in which animals can then also be integrated. Garden ponds are often populated by goldfish, but also by water snails. Other water-loving plants can also be brought into the ornamental garden through the garden pond.

Section of an integrated garden railway system

Decoration options for ornamental gardens

In addition to plants, decoration can also be used to design a garden area. A variety of garden decors can be found in garden centers , especially material for garden ponds or decorative figures for the outside area.

In addition, a garden can be redesigned as an integrated garden railway system. The garden planting is combined with a track of G gauge (gauge 45 mm). Additions such as tunnels, bridges etc. can also be used.


  • Joachim Breschke, Karin Greiner, Helmut Jantra u. a .: The great garden book. The standard work on gardening practice . Munich 2004, ISBN 3-80-687354-2
  • Ulrich Schmid: Meeting point animals in the garden - observe, determine and attract . Franckh-Kosmos, Stuttgart 2004, ISBN 3-440-09589-4
  • Reinhard Witt: wild gardens . BLV Verlagsgesellschaft mbH, Munich 1995, ISBN 3-405-14708-5
  • Katharina Adams: Hedges - living garden fences . Augustus Verlag, Munich 2001, ISBN 3-8043-7159-0
  • Robert Sulzberger / Tobias Mayerhofer: "Decorative leaf plants in the garden". BLV, 2011, ISBN 978-3-8354-0753-4

Web links

Wiktionary: Ziergarten  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations