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Central Anatolia

Ḫatti is a Bronze Age landscape in Anatolia on the Halysbogen (Turkish Kızılırmak ). After the end of the Bronze Age, the name was used for northern Syria ( Neo-Hittite states ).

The oldest mention is found in the Akkadian Naram-Sîn poetry (1st half of the 22nd century BC), where a legendary king Pamba of Ḫatti is mentioned. In the ancient Assyrian documents of Kültepe from 1900 BC. Atti denotes a region in the Halysbogen, where several city-states were located. The population of this region were the non-Indo-European Hattier .

Among the Hittites , Ḫatti could designate the Hittite empire or the heartland with the important cities Ḫattuša , Arinna , Tawiniya , Zippalanda and Ankuwa .

After the collapse of the Hittite Empire around 1180 BC The name Ḫatti passed to the Neo-Hittite states in northern Syria, especially the land around Karkamis could be called that in Neo-Assyrian sources. From here the name found its way into the Old Testament as Ḥittîm "Hittite" . Thus this name does not refer to the Bronze Age Hittites.


  • Hubert Canik: The whole country Ḥet. In: The Hittites and their empire. Konrad Theiss Verlag, Stuttgart 2002, ISBN 3-8062-1676-2 .