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Adat dance (among the Batak in Sumatra)

Adat ( Arabic عادات, DMG ʿādāt  , habits, customs') is the name for unwritten law ( customary law ), especially in Indonesian cultures. It is also used in other Islamic and Hindu cultures in Asia . The Adat privilege is often called parallel structure next to the codified state law and religious norms and influences all aspects of daily and ceremonial life (customs, traditions and customs). Adat is also used in Indonesia to regulate ancestor worship , and thus the relationship with deceased ancestors.

Some cultures such as the Minangkabau on Sumatra have still integrated many elements of the Adat system into their daily activities. The Adat system can regulate ownership, rituals, dress codes, rules for parties and marriages , exchange relationships , inheritance rules , titles and decision-making structures in communities. An Adat meeting can also be referred to as a council of elders. In the case of the Minangkabau , this is practiced by men in an otherwise matrilineal social structure.

Also with many Caucasian peoples , e.g. B. the Chechens apply the / an adat . It regulates the relationships with each other, u. a. the blood revenge .

See also


  • Astrid Kaiser: Girls and boys in a matrilineal culture - interactions and values ​​among primary school children in the Minangkabau highlands on Sumatra . Publishing house Dr. Kovac, Hamburg 1996, ISBN 3-86064-419-X .
  • Achim Sibeth, living with your ancestors. BATAK - People in Indonesia , Edition Hansjörg Mayer, Stuttgart, London.
  • Susanne Schröter : Adat and the Catholic Mission on Flores . In: Joachim G. Piepke (ed.): Culture and religion in the encounter with the foreign , Steyler Verlag, Nettetal 2007, pp. 179–207.

Individual evidence

  1. Alexander Nadler, Bali: Reise-Handbuch , p. 70 (Adat)