General Harz Mountain Calendar
|General Harz Mountain Calendar
|language||German, Upper Harz, dialect|
|publishing company||Papierflieger Verlag GmbH (Germany)|
|Frequency of publication||yearly|
|Sold edition||4000 copies|
The General Harz-Berg-Kalender is a yearbook of mining history, culture and current and historical events of the Upper Harz in the form of sayings, poems, drawings, stories, serial novels and historical reports with contributions in Upper Harz dialect, which has been published since 1697 . It first appeared under the title Improved Writing House Histories and Mountain Calender on the 1758 year of Christ , Clausthal general Empire, Writing, History and Harz Mountain Calender , later Clausthal General Harz Mountain Calender and from At the beginning of the 19th century as a general Harz mountain calendar .
Until 1958 the editions bore the note " founded around the year 1600 ". The later information from 1697 is more probable, since the Wilckesche Buchdruckerei in Clausthal was only founded in 1685 and printing in the Goslarer Buchdruckerei is rated as unlikely.
At first the Harz-Berg-Kalender appeared as a simple calendar for miners with advertising and advertisements. From the second half of the 19th century, it was increasingly supplemented with sayings, prayers, poems, drawings, folk stories, serial novels and detailed historical reports. When it was taken over by Reinecke-Altenau in 1919, the annual newspaper was given more popular content.
Over time, the design has repeatedly been adapted to current conditions. The cover page shows a miner with his tools in front of a hut in the typical Harz landscape, framed by the coats of arms of the seven mining towns ( Clausthal , Sankt Andreasberg , Altenau , Zellerfeld , Grund , Wildemann and Lautenthal ).
The motif was exchanged in the middle of the 19th century. In a three-part archway, the new motif shows the title under a banner with the words Glück Auf , underneath the silhouette of the mountain town of Clausthal with its market church. Edged by a miner in the left archway and a smelter in the right. The coats of arms of the seven mining towns have receded somewhat into the background at the tips and ends of the arches.
In 1938, Reinecke-Altenau introduced a new cover picture, which better suited the national zeitgeist. This was kept on the cover of the calendar from 1939 until it was discontinued after the 1941 edition. It shows a miner (above), a forest worker (left) and a smelter (right) in front of an indicated mountain in black and green on a yellow cover.
After the interruption in the war and post-war years 1942–1949, they returned to traditional drawings.
From 1956, the texts were no longer printed in Gothic script. The original yellow cover sheet has remained, from which the Harz-Berg-Kalender got its nickname the yellow one. Karl Reinecke also wrote the vignettes for the 12 months, which have been used to mark the months since the 1920s.
- around 1700: Michael Erdmann
- around 1833: IBS Kerstein, Hofbau-Inspector in Hildesheim
- 1919–1932: Reinecke-Altenau (* 1885; † 1943)
- Hermann Klingsöhr , called Dr Schießer (* 1890; † 1953)
- 1942–1949: not published
- 1932 / 1950–1983: Albert Humm (* 1910; † 1984)
- 1984-2004: Werner Hildebrandt (* 1933; †)
- 2005–2015: Wolfgang Lampe (* 1953; † 2015) with Wilfried Ließmann
- 2005 – today: Wilfried Ließmann
A similarly designed mountain calendar is the Goslar mountain calendar, which has been published since 1619 .
- Ernst Bolte: The Harz Mountain Calendar . In: General Harz-Berg-Kalender for the year 1936 . Founded around 1600. Piepersche, Clausthal-Zellerfeld 1936, p. 40-42 .
- Bettina Ebeling: “The yellow one” comes into new hands . In: General Harz Mountain Calendar for 2005 . since 1697. Piepersche, 2005, ISSN 1867-5395 , p. 17-19 (Werner Hildebrandt publishes the Harz-Berg-Kalender - “A piece of home” - after 20 years as editor).
- Dr. Wilhelm Feldmann: On the history of the Harz mountain calendar . In: General Harz Mountain Calendar 1941 . Piepersche, Clausthal-Zellerfeld 1941, p. 57-58 .
- Bettina Ebeling: “The Yellow One” comes into new hands . In: General Harz Mountain Calendar for 2005 . since 1697. Piepersche, 2005, ISSN 1867-5395 , p. 17-19 (Werner Hildebrandt publishes the Harz-Berg-Kalender - "A piece of home") after 20 years as editor.
- Kai Gurski: mallets, irons and swastika. The subject of mining in the work of the painter Karl Reinecke-Altenau (Appendix) . Ed .: University of Fine Arts. Braunschweig 2010, p. 10, 77 ( hbk-bs.de [PDF] dissertation).
- In a new guise! In: General Harz Mountain Calendar 1939 . since 1697. Piepersche, Clausthal-Zellerfeld 1938, p. 27 .
- IBS Kerstein, Hofbau-Inspector in Hildesheim: cover sheet . In: General Harz-Berg-Calendar to the year 1833 . Clausthal 1832.
- Wolfgang Meuskens: Karl Reinecke-Altenau - Life and Works 1885-1943 . Self-published, Clausthal-Zellerfeld 1985, ISBN 3-923605-39-0 , p. 248 .
- General Harz Mountain Calendar. In: http://www.archiv-vegelahn.de/ . Karlo Vegelahn, August 25, 2017, accessed on August 27, 2015 .
- Hermann Klingsöhr - "Dr Schießer" † . In: General Harz Mountain Calendar for 1954 . since 1697. Piepersche, Clausthal-Zellerfeld 1954, p. 62 .
- Goslar mountain calendar 2017. In: blog.rammelsberg.de. Retrieved December 2, 2017 .