Working study is the name for the application of methods, knowledge and experience in the investigation and design of work systems with the objectives
- Adapt work to people's needs
- Adapt work to the capabilities of the person
- improve the profitability of the organization .
In German-speaking countries, the REFA Association is the leading organization in the collection and communication of work study knowledge. According to the representation of the REFA Association, the main focuses are:
- Data Discovery - The methods and processes used to obtain data that form the basis of work study.
- Cost accounting - The methods and procedures on which cost accounting is based. This sub-area overlaps strongly with business administration and was largely taken over from there.
- Work design - The design of the system elements so that the goals of the work study can be achieved.
- Requirements Elicitation - The analysis of the requirements that a work system places on the worker .
- Differentiation of remuneration in line with requirements and performance - Create the basis for a remuneration determination that takes into account the requirements for the knowledge and skills of a worker as well as the performance that this worker achieves.
Basics of working studies
According to the objective, the work study is naturally an interdisciplinary research area. The basics are spread over a wide area. According to the REFA Association, they mix in working studies
- Work science , above all ergonomics , work psychology and work pedagogy
- Business administration for cost accounting , cost comparison and other business methods
- Statistics as the mathematical basis for data analysis and synthesis
- Social and legal sciences for the position of people in a business and social context
- Technologies that are directly or indirectly in the work systems
in addition come the
- Methods of working studies that combine these areas of knowledge and knowledge in a structured manner and thus establish an overall area of knowledge.
- REFA (1971) Methods of working studies, Part 1 Basics; Carl Hanser, Munich ( ISBN 3-446-14234-7 ), p. 12 ff.