Banda (brass music)

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A Spanish Banda municipal
A Greek banda for Easter

Banda means music band in Italian and Spanish or, in a narrower sense, brass band .

In Italy and Spain, brass bands with this name mainly consist of clarinets, flutes, trumpets, trombones, tubas and percussion; Saxophones and other woodwind instruments are used to a limited extent (especially if it is a symphonic wind orchestra ). The ensembles are usually recruited from one place and play a role in its musical and festival life. The bandas are responsible for framing the church processions as well as for public performances of concert music. The training of the next generation of musicians is also largely done through the bandas.

In addition, the word also describes various genres of brass music, including the repertoire of these bands.

The Banda in the Italian Opera

In the Italian opera of the 18th and 19th centuries Century often appears in the score a "Banda" as stage music , for example in La gazza ladra by Gioachino Rossini . The banda is often notated on two staves in a similar way to a piano instrument. This means that this music was orchestrated for the local brass band at each location of the opera, which then appeared on the stage. Opinions differ about the appropriate composition of the banda in modern performances.

Mexican banda

The "banda" is also a genre of Mexican popular music .

The pieces of this genre are characterized by their instrumentation, in particular by the bass line given by the tuba and the use of (brass) wind instruments. In contrast to the South American brass music, which prefers the big band sound, the Mexican banda has kept a more southern European folk brass music sound.

Typical of the "Banda sinaloense" is the 2/4 time of the polka , which is popular in northern Mexican music , but other rhythms, such as cumbias , boleros or generally corridos , can also be interpreted in the style of the banda.

Due to the increasing popularity of the genre in recent years, a number of Mexican pop music artists have switched to re-recording their hits in banda versions (e.g. Thalía : Grandes Exitos con Banda , 2001), while banda greats interpret Mexican musicians at the same time New pop classics (e.g. La Banda el Recodo - Tributo a Juan Gabriel , 1997).

Greek banda

The "Banda" refers to a musical band, often on the Ionian Islands in the Italically inspired Ionian school . It does not necessarily have to consist only of wind instruments and is a mobile chapel of the conservatory that is not necessarily congruent with that of the orchestra.