A mountain path is a laid out footpath or hiking trail to make the inspection in difficult terrain as easy, safe and safe as possible. The route is often narrow and steep, but mostly easy to see and mark. The site has some exposed areas. The danger of falling cannot therefore be ruled out (pathless crags ).
Historically, mountain paths were farm roads that could be walked on and were primarily used for local mountain farming. Mule paths that served supraregional trade were much better developed. With the emergence of Alpine and mountain associations in the 19th century, this network of trails was expanded and expanded for tourism. On the other hand, many paths fell apart because of economic relocation or abandonment.
The trails marked as mountain (hiking) trails now meet a statutory minimum standard of expansion. Exposed areas can be secured with ropes or chains. The usual marking is red-white-red , in Switzerland white-red-white .
Walking often requires surefootedness , elementary orientation skills, good physical condition and the ability to assess dangers in the mountains. The equipment includes weatherproof clothing and shoes with non-slip soles. Mountain Trail designated in Switzerland the average distance class , after which the trails are categorized. This category is found above all from an altitude of 1500 m.
Mountain hiking trail near San Bernardino on the T2 / T3 scale
- The SAC hiking scale is used to evaluate mountain hiking trails.
- Alpine routes are marked and partly equipped with safety hooks, but without laid paths.