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A gymnast doing agility training ( overspagat )
Stretching domestic cat with a strongly curved spine

Flexibility is generally the ability to assume different positions and postures and can thus relate to physical or mental impulses. According to the assumed prerequisites, the external, flexible nature ( extrinsic ) can be distinguished from an internal, flexible nature ( intrinsic ).

Mobility is basically made possible by changing the arrangement of rigid or fixed elements to one another or by changing elastic or malleable elements in themselves, or with both.

Sports motor agility

The mobility in sport motor sense to run the assets, physical movements with a certain oscillation amplitude. The possible scope of the mobility is so from the articulation as the elongation is determined and as flexibility or pliability referred to.

The realizable degree of mobility depends on endogenous and exogenous factors. Endogenous are the internal conditions that exist physically and psychologically for a body, i.e. its more easily influenced (and trainable) abilities such as elasticity (of antagonistic muscles, tendons, ligaments and joint capsules) and its properties such as flexibility (as the range of motion of skeletal elements in their articulations ) as well as any restrictions caused by pain, painful memories, age or illness. Environmental factors are called exogenous , such as the surrounding medium (e.g. water), external forces, outside temperature or the time of day.

According to the muscular activity, a distinction is made between active and passive mobility. Among active mobility is defined as the range of motion, to an athlete can reach only through muscle tension, under passive mobility that movement length, that is it only with the use of the body weight, with acceleration or by applying force from outside reached.

Different types of sport require or promote mobility to different degrees; Sports for which active and passive mobility is of particular importance include: a. Gymnastics , gymnastics , acrobatics , cheerleading , ballet , yoga .

Mental agility

Under the mental agility, a nimble mind, a quick learner , a versatile interested to learn about the willingness new, the ability to change perspectives and the development of alternatives are understood. In order to train and maintain mental agility in old age (cf. old age syndrome ), intensive thought activity, lively social contact or special mental training are beneficial.

Mental agility also includes the ability to question one's own attitudes and attitudes. This makes it possible to reflect on courses of action and to differentiate their conditions according to external circumstances and internal states. Thinking about possible motives or motives and considering that alternative processes in the execution of an action would be conceivable even with the same motivation , often expand the scope of possibilities of a subjective internal perspective, both in relation to the environment and in relation to oneself.

Perspectives of self-perception opened up in this way can also change the perception of one's own body. In this way, a spiritually stimulated development can better understand oneself, then, for example, allow a different way of dealing with pain sensations and enable a finer sense of movements, tensions and positions. In addition, a consciously further developed kinaesthetic and proprioceptive self-perception often leads to a self-image with which imagined movements can be understood or carried out in thought alone. Under certain circumstances, this can of course also be done as a mental anticipation for future movement sequences, in anticipation , for example before a ski jump .

See also

Individual evidence

  1. Jürgen Weineck: Sports biology. Spitta Verlag GmbH & Co. KG, 2004, ISBN 3934211836 , p. 317, limited preview in the Google book search