Niehaus was the daughter of a carpenter. She attended elementary school and then worked as a kindergarten teacher. From 1899 she worked as a domestic worker in Bremen. She married a tailor and worked in his workshop.
From 1906 both were members of the SPD. During the First World War , when her husband was unable to work due to the consequences of the war, she joined the USPD in 1917 and became a member of the SPD again in 1922. From 1920 to 1933 she was a member of the Bremen citizenship . She was particularly committed to the welfare system in the citizenry. She was a very active member of the Workers' Welfare Association (AWO). During the time of National Socialism she had to live very withdrawn.
After the Second World War , women from the very beginning, such as Charlotte Niehaus, Ella Ehlers , Clara Jung Mittag , Helene Kaisen and Anna Stiegler, re-established the AWO in Bremen, which was banned in 1933. In the AWO she headed the local committee from 1954 to 1961. In the SPD, she was active in the women's committee and, since around 1946, on the board of the non-partisan Bremen women's committee, which was banned during the Nazi era . She was an important woman in the Bremen women's movement .
- The AWO day care center Charlotte Niehaus on Rablinghauser Landstrasse in Rablinghausen was named after her.
- She was awarded the Marie Juchacz plaque from the Arbeiterwohlfahrt in 1969.
- Herbert Black Forest : The Great Bremen Lexicon . 2nd, updated, revised and expanded edition. Edition Temmen, Bremen 2003, ISBN 3-86108-693-X .
- Renate Meyer-Braun: Women in Parliament! Portraits of female MPs in the Bremen citizenship . Hauschild, Bremen 1991, ISBN 3-926598-44-1 .
- Beate Hoecker: Niehaus, Charlotte, called Lotte, b. Schnackenberg . In: Frauen Geschichte (n) , Bremer Frauenmuseum (ed.). Edition Falkenberg, Bremen 2016, ISBN 978-3-95494-095-0 .
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German social worker and politician (SPD), member of the citizenship in Bremen|
|DATE OF BIRTH||September 30, 1882|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Ottersberg|
|DATE OF DEATH||19th February 1975|
|Place of death||Bremen|