Codex Alexandrinus

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New Testament manuscripts
Uncial 02
Codex Alexandrinus f41v - Luke.jpg
Folio 65v with the end of the Gospel of Luke with a decorative book end
Surname Alexandrinus
character A.
text Old Testament , New Testament , both letters from Clement
language Greek
date 400-440
Storage location British Library
size 32 × 26 cm
Type Byzantine text type in the Gospels, otherwise Alexandrian text type
category I, except in the Gospels, there III
note Proximity to 74 in Acts and 47 in Revelation

The Codex Alexandrinus (London, British Library , MS Royal 1. D. V – VIII; Gregory-Aland no. A or 02) dates from the 5th century; it contains the Old Testament and most of the New Testament (missing: Mt 1,1-25,6; Joh 6,50-8,52; 2 Cor 4,13-12,6) on 773 written sheets ( 32 by 27 cm). It also contains two apocryphal New Testament writings, namely the first and second letters of Clement .

History of manuscript

Kyrillos Loukaris

The manuscript has been in the library of the Patriarch of Alexandria since the 11th century and was donated to the English King Charles I by the Patriarch Kyrillos Loukaris in 1627 . Before moving to the British Library in St. Pancras, the text was next to the Codex Sinaiticus in one of the famous display cases in the manuscript department of the British Museum . A photographic reproduction of the Codex was published in 1879-1883 under the supervision of Edward Maunde Thompson .

Meaning in text history

The value of the text fluctuates. In the Gospels it is the oldest example of the Byzantine text form . In the remaining parts of the New Testament, it appears alongside the Codex Sinaiticus and the Codex Vaticanus as a typical representative of the Alexandrian text . This may be due to the fact that the scribe had a different copy for these parts than for the Gospels. For the Gospels, the Codex Alexandrinus is to be valued less, but for the Revelation of John the Codex Alexandrinus is the most important manuscript. In the table of contents of the Codex, the Psalms of Solomon ascribed to the Israelite King Solomon are first attested.

The pericope adulterae (John 7: 53–8, 11) are missing .

See also


Web links

Commons : Codex Alexandrinus  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Kurt and Barbara Aland : The text of the New Testament. German Bible Society, Stuttgart 1991, ISBN 3-438-06011-6 , p. 118.
  2. The manuscript is no longer included in the list of the current exhibition in the Sir John Ritblat Gallery: Treasures of the British Library .
  3. NA26, p. 273