Corps Borussia Bonn
The Corps Borussia Bonn is a corps ( student union ) in the Kösener Senioren-Convents-Verband (KSCV), one of the oldest umbrella organizations of German student associations. The corps is obligatory and colored . Students and former students of the Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität can become members. The corps members are called "Bonn Prussia".
Borussia has the colors "black-white-black" with silver percussion . A white striker is also worn. The Prussian Foxes wear a fox ribbon in "black and white with a narrow black border" with silver percussion. The motto is Virtus fidesque bonorum corona! (German: "Virtue and loyalty are the crown of the good").
The Corps Borussia is a member of the Kösener Seniors Convents Association (KSCV) and is one of the signatories of the Bonn SC comment . Today the Bonn Senior Citizens' Convention consists of the five Kösener Corps Borussia, Guestphalia , Hansea , Rhenania and Saxonia .
The Corps Borussia was founded on December 22nd, 1821 by students at the University of Bonn. It has been a member of the Kösener Seniors Convents Association (KSCV) since 1856.
From around the middle of the 19th century until after the Second World War, the members of the Corps Borussia came almost exclusively from the Prussian and North German nobility, including many members of the Prussian ruling house such as the German Emperor Wilhelm II. Until the corps was dissolved in 1935, 11 Members of the Prussian royal family and 52 members of other princely families. Members of the corps. Because of this prominent position, the magazine Simplicissimus and other satirical papers repeatedly made the corps the subject of snappy caricatures .
At the time of National Socialism , the role of the Prussian elite between obedience and conscience was also reflected in the Corps Borussia. One of the resistance fighters of July 20, 1944 and a member of the Kreisau Circle , Count Peter Yorck von Wartenburg , was a Prussian from Bonn, as was the German ambassador to the USA, Friedrich von Prittwitz and Gaffron , who was the only ambassador to step down from his post after Hitler came to power. Friedrich-Karl von Zitzewitz , who also belonged to the resistance and was still indicted in January 1945 before the People's Court under its chairman Freisler, survived because Berlin was conquered by the Russians before the last hearing. Other members of the corps, such as the banker and treasurer of the Friends of the Reichsführer SS , SS-Brigadführer Kurt Freiherr von Schröder (1889–1966), or the SA group leader August Wilhelm Prince of Prussia (left the corps in June 1934) were active National Socialists .
As early as 1933, under pressure from the National Socialist regime, the KSCV had changed its statutes so that all corps belonging to it were forced to exclude members with Jewish descent or with Jewish wives from the corps association. In the Corps Borussia this affected the comparatively high number of eleven members. The exclusion of these corps brothers was categorically rejected jointly by the active corps and the AH Association in the summer semester of 1934.
Like the vast majority of the other corps - only five Kösener corps rejected the clause from the outset and dissolved within a short time - the Corps Borussia continued to pursue a delaying tactic in the hope of success in the ongoing negotiations of the KSCV about a compromise. Finally, in September 1935, the corps was given a deadline of 15 October, within which the Aryan paragraph was to be implemented. Before the general assembly called for this reason on October 13, 1935 in Berlin, the chairman of the AH Association, Bodo Graf von Alvensleben , urged some of the corps brothers affected to fall victim to the band, which is said to have caused a clear dissatisfaction at the beginning of the meeting. After Count Paul Yorck von Wartenburg protested passionately against the fact that a "voluntary" resignation by some corps brothers had even been considered, declared his resignation from the corps and had left the assembly, the general assembly passed the unanimous resolution to dissolve the AH-Verein, and the active corps followed with an equal resolution. The final reports from the Kosen liquidation office show that the Corps Borussia, with its liquidation resolution, is one of the twelve corps that have not decided to exclude members of Jewish descent or Jewish wives.
The corps was re-established in 1949 and is still largely recruited from members of German aristocratic families.
Well-known corps members
- List of Corps students in the Reichstag of the North German Confederation and in the Customs Parliament
- List of corps students in the Prussian mansion
- Friedrich Carl Devens: Biographical corps album of Borussia in Bonn 1827-1902. Düsseldorf 1902 ( digitized version ).
- Alexander zu Dohna-Schlobitten : Corps student in Bonn , in which: Memories of an old East Prussia . Wolf Jobst Siedler Verlag, Berlin 1989, ISBN 3-442-12822-6 , pp. 101–112.
- GG Winkel : Biographical corps album of Borussia in Bonn 1821–1928. Aschaffenburg 1928 ( urn : nbn: de: hbz: 5: 1-14326 ).
- GG Winkel: Corps history of Borussia Bonn. Bonn 1938.
- Contributions to the history of the Corps Borussia in Bonn. Published by the board of the Association of Old Men of the Corps Borussia e. V. Bonn 2007.
- Biographical corps album of the Corps Borussia in Bonn 1821–2008. Published by the board of the Association of Old Men of the Corps Borussia Bonn e. V. Bonn 2008.
- Search for Corps Borussia Bonn in the German Digital Library
- Search for Corps Borussia Bonn in the SPK digital portal of the Prussian Cultural Heritage Foundation
- Pictures from the life of the Corps Borussia Bonn around 1909 and around 1932
- Nobles in the student corps of the Bonn Borussia from 1827-1902
- Article in ZEIT online about Kaiser Wilhelm II's student days.
- Ernst Hans Eberhard : Handbook of the student liaison system. Leipzig, 1924/25, p. 23.
- see: Dedo Graf Schwerin v. Krosigk: The coat of arms and the motto of Borussia in Bonn. In: Contributions to the history of the Corps Borussia in Bonn. Bonn 2007, pp. 148–151.
- Biographical Corp Album of the Corps Borussia Bonn from 1821 to 2008. Bonn 2008.
- Hans-Adolf Jacobsen (Ed.): Opposition against Hitler and the coup d'état of July 20, 1944. Stuttgart 1989, p. 733.
- Dedo Count Schwerin v. Krosigk: Friedrich-Karl v. Zitzewitz. In: Contributions to the history of the Corps Borussia in Bonn. Bonn 2007, p. 230 f.
- Dedo Count Schwerin v. Krosigk: Borussia in the Nazi era. In: Contributions to the history of the Corps Borussia in Bonn. Bonn 2007, p. 75.
- chairman of the old gentlemen's association, Bodo Graf von Alvensleben, advised him to resign (Dedo Graf Schwerin v. Krosigk: Borussia in der Nazizeit. In: Contributions to the history of the Corps Borussia zu Bonn. Bonn 2007, p. 68.)
- Dedo Graf Schwerin von Krosigk: Borussia in the Nazi era. In: Contributions to the history of the Corps Borussia in Bonn. Bonn 2007, p. 72.
- Count Dedo Schwerin v. Krosigk: Borussia in the Nazi era. In: Contributions to the history of the Corps Borussia in Bonn. Bonn 2007, p. 74.