Cyrus Maxwell Boger
Cyrus Maxwell Boger (born May 13, 1861 in Lebanon (Pennsylvania) , † September 2, 1935 in Parkersburg (West Virginia) ) was an American homeopath . He is best known for his repertories Synoptic Key and General Analysis .
Cyrus Maxwell Boger was born in 1861 as the first child of Isabella Killen Maxwell and Cyrus Boger (five siblings followed). The mother's family came from Ireland and Scotland, the father's from what is now Baden-Württemberg. Like most of the residents of the area, Bogers spoke German ("Pennsylvania Dutch").
Boger studied pharmacy at the Philadelphia College of Pharmacy from 1880 to 1882 , and then homeopathy at the Hahnemann Medical College in Philadelphia from 1885 to 1888 . After his graduation in the spring of 1888, he moved to their home in Wheeling with his first wife Salome . Salome died early and the only daughter probably grew up with her family. Boger moved to Parkersburg in 1888 and opened his homeopathic practice behind the Camden Theater , which was destroyed by a fire in the theater district on November 30, 1929. Boger's house on today's 26th Street still stands today. He had nine children with his second wife Bertha. Three died of diphtheria in 1898. The marriage ended in divorce after the death of their son Bill in 1921. Boger married his practice assistant Anna Meerwein in 1922.
After completing his studies, Boger took postgraduate courses at Hering Medical College in Chicago. Isolated as a homeopath in Parkersburg, he was in contact with colleagues nationally and worldwide. The International Hahnemannian Association (IHA) played a major role in this . Their journal Homoeopathic Recorder contains detailed minutes of the meeting. Boger co-founded the International Foundation for Homeopathy , from 1924 the American Foundation for Homeopathy (AFH), which introduced medical college graduates to homeopathy in a summer school from 1922.
Homeopathy CM Bogers
Under the impression of an internship with Vondergoltz in the Homoeopathic Metropolitan School , a work on fallopian tube inflammation was probably created . Another early publication was The Homoeopathic Therapeutics of Diphtheria (1898). In 1905, Boger's revision of Clemens von Bönninghausen's works , Bönninghausen's Characteristics and Repertory was published . Boger's own repertory Synoptic Key was published in 1915, 1916, 1928 and 1931 - followed by a fifth edition in India. General Analysis , the extract of the most tried and tested rubrics from Synoptic Key , appeared during his lifetime in 1924/5, 1925, 1926, 1931/2 and 1932/33, first as a punch card index in 1931.
Synoptic Key is divided into periods of aggravation and other modalities, general symptoms and finally symptoms by body region. This is followed by the synopsis, a concise presentation of the remedies, which precedes each organ reference and modalities, followed by general and finally circumscribed symptoms. Boger probably took over the list of the duration of the effect of a publication by Bönninghausen. The final supplementary register serves as a table of contents, but also contains Boger's notes.
For a long time, nothing was known about Boger's way of working; they orientated themselves on his better-known colleague James Tyler Kent or his pioneer Clemens von Bönninghausen . In addition to the analysis (decomposition) of the symptoms presented by the patient, which was already known from Bönninghausen, Boger aims at the broadest possible anchoring (generalization) of these over the overall picture of the disease. This is achieved through characteristic individual symptoms ("keynotes"), but also repetitions when considering different organ systems or previous illnesses ("spatial" or "temporal generalization"). Many rubrics are therefore ambiguous. Desquamation also means loss of hair, secretions amel. also worsening from suppressed rashes, blood, etc. a. Sepsis. There are also psychological echoes by z. B. Pouring emotional openness, falling also suggesting fear of heights. Nerves form a continuum of paralysis, nerve pain and mental instability. Psychiatric rubrics such as fear for anxiety or perception altered for psychotic symptoms remain general. The differentiation of purely mental aspects, as in Kent, is omitted.
During his lifetime, CM Boger was in contact with homeopaths around the world. After America was no longer a suitable environment for publications on homeopathy, the 5th edition of Synoptic Key and the 6th and 7th edition of General Analysis appeared via Boger's correspondent, the Indian homeopath ML Dhawale. Kershasp N. Kasad handed down interpretations of partly psychological connotations of rubrics that cannot be substantiated by Boger himself. Bogers work thus formed the basis for the later repertories of Shankar Raghunath Phatak , Pichiah Sankaran and his son Rajan Sankaran .
Works (modern editions)
- Klaus-Henning Gypser, Andreas Wegener (ed.): Lectures on Materia Medica. By Cyrus Maxwell Boger. Haug, Heidelberg 1989, ISBN 3-7760-1110-6 .
- Cyrus Maxwell Boger: Boenninghausen's characteristics and repertory. Narayana, Kandern 2010, ISBN 978-3-939931-75-1 (Original edition: Boenninghausen's Characteristics and Repertory , Parkersburg 1905).
- Cyrus Maxwell Boger: Synoptic Key to the homeopathic materia medica. Translated into German by Jens Ahlbrecht. Von der Lieth, Hamburg 2008, ISBN 978-3-926836-34-2 .
- Cyrus Maxwell Boger: General Analysis. Von der Lieth, Hamburg 2004, ISBN 3-926836-28-8 .
- Norbert Winter (Ed.): The key to CM Bogers "Synoptic Key". Approach to the homeopathy concept CM Bogers. Von der Lieth, Hamburg 2007, ISBN 978-3-926836-35-9 .
- Jens Ahlbrecht, Elmar W. Funk, Norbert Winter (eds.): Genius characteristics of homeopathic arneias. CM Bogers General Analysis, GA Medicines Compendium & GA Dictionary. Ahlbrecht, Pohlheim 2014, ISBN 978-3-9815028-1-7 .
- Jens Ahlbrecht, Norbert Winter (Hrsg.): The homeopathy CM Bogers. Basics and practice. Volume 1. 2nd edition. Von der Lieth, Hamburg 2005, ISBN 3-926836-26-1 .
- Cheryl F. Bragg, Norbert Winter: Cyrus Maxwell Boger and the Legacy of American Homeopathy. Verlag Ahlbrecht, Bad Langensalza 2013, ISBN 978-3-9815028-5-5 .
- Cheryl F. Bragg, Norbert Winter: Cyrus Maxwell Boger and the Legacy of American Homeopathy. Verlag Ahlbrecht, Bad Langensalza 2013, ISBN 978-3-9815028-5-5 , pp. 26-40.
- Cheryl F. Bragg, Norbert Winter: Cyrus Maxwell Boger and the Legacy of American Homeopathy. Verlag Ahlbrecht, Bad Langensalza 2013, ISBN 978-3-9815028-5-5 , p. 350.
- Cyrus Maxwell Boger: Synoptic Key to the homeopathic materia medica. Translated into German by Jens Ahlbrecht. Von der Lieth, Hamburg 2008, ISBN 978-3-926836-34-2 , p. 389.
- Norbert Winter (Ed.): The key to CM Bogers "Synoptic Key". Approach to the homeopathy concept CM Bogers. Von der Lieth, Hamburg 2007, ISBN 978-3-926836-35-9 , pp. 47-60.
- Homeopathy Center Karlsruhe: Original texts by CM Boger
- P. Sankaran's historical introduction to Bogers Synoptic Key , translated by Gerhard Risch
- CM Bogers General Analysis as an online repertory
- The Homeopathic Recorder as a digitized version
- Materia Medica by Cyrus Maxwell Boger (English)
|SURNAME||Boger, Cyrus Maxwell|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||American homeopath|
|DATE OF BIRTH||May 13, 1861|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Lebanon (Pennsylvania)|
|DATE OF DEATH||September 2, 1935|
|Place of death||Parkersburg, West Virginia|