Digital dividend II
In Germany, the term digital dividend II refers to the frequency bands freed up by the switch from DVB-T to DVB-T2 HD . These were auctioned from May 27, 2015 by the Federal Network Agency together with other frequency bands in the ranges around 900, 1,500 and 1,800 MHz.
Background of becoming free
In February 2015 , the Federal Cabinet passed a resolution to change the ordinance to allow the re-allocation of frequencies in the 700 MHz band that were previously used for digital terrestrial television DVB-T . For this reason, it was necessary to switch from DVB-T to the more modern DVB-T2 HD by 2018. The frequencies freed up as a result can be used to provide broadband services in mobile communications since the beginning of July 2019 .
In July 2011, the Federal Network Agency published a "key issues paper for a needs assessment procedure ". However, this was initially limited to the new frequencies to be awarded in the ranges around 900 and 1,800 MHz. After the companies concerned submitted comments on this paper, they were invited to register their forecast requirements from December 2011 onwards . It was not until July 2014 that the decision was taken to include digital dividend 2 , i.e. frequencies in the range around 700 MHz, and other frequencies in the range around 1,500 MHz in the award procedure. A total of 270 MHz frequencies will now be auctioned. The Federal Network Agency therefore asked the companies to update their forecast requirements - also with regard to the upcoming merger of the two network operators Telefónica and E-Plus .
In October 2014, the Federal Network Agency's draft decision was published, to which the companies were able to respond both in writing and in an oral hearing . In January 2015, the agency finally made its final decision on the frequencies and the award and auction rules. Telefónica Germany filed a lawsuit against this decision before the Cologne Administrative Court, as it saw itself disadvantaged by it. It stipulated that Telefónica, unlike the other approved bidders, would have to return frequencies that the company currently owns in the 1,800 MHz band, but not re-auctioned in the auction, one year earlier than the other bidders. The court ruled that this discrimination was inadmissible.
Applications for admission to the auction could be submitted until March 6, 2015. The following three companies were admitted to the auction: Telefónica Germany , Telekom Deutschland and Vodafone . The turn-based auction process ran from May 27 to June 19, 2015.
In the following illustrations, the previous use of the frequencies is shown first and the newly auctioned spectrum is shown second. The auction ended on June 19th. The total of 270 MHz spectrum generated sales of € 5,081,236,000. The auctioned frequency blocks were allocated in August 2015.
700 MHz ( E-UTRA band 28) and 800 MHz (E-UTRA band 20)
Illustration of the use of the 700 MHz and 800 MHz bands in the period of analog terrestrial television transmission (earlier), after the Digital Dividend I (2012) and after the Digital Dividend II (2018). So far, there are no concrete plans to use the duplex gap in this band. In the 800 MHz band, the duplex gap was released as a replacement band for the use of wireless microphones.
900 MHz (E-UTRA band 8)
It should be noted that the Deutsche Bahn frequencies were not part of the auction.
1,500 MHz (E-UTRA band 32)
Deutsche Telekom has announced that the frequencies will be used as FDD downloads. They should be used as a downlink, while the signal from the smartphone to the transmission mast should be transmitted via LTE 800 or LTE 2600. So far, there are only a few smartphones that support these frequencies. (Status: 2017).
1,800 MHz (E-UTRA band 3)
Due to the waiver by the Telefónica Group, the new frequency distribution came into effect on July 1, 2016, instead of January 1, 2017 as originally planned.
|DB||Deutsche Bahn - GSM-R|
|E +||Formerly E-Plus , now also Telefónica Deutschland|
|TEF / O2||Telefónica Germany|
- ↑ Federal government creates prerequisites for mobile broadband expansion - Dobrindt: The way is clear for fast frequency allocation ( memento of the original from March 31, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. Press release No. 011/2015 of the Federal Ministry of Transport and Digital Infrastructure from February 11, 2015
- ↑ In favor of the mobile Internet: Cabinet heralds the end of DVB-T on February 11, 2015
- ↑ Federal Network Agency releases 700 MHz band for mobile communications from 2019-07-05
- ↑ Key issues paper for a needs assessment procedure in the frequency ranges 900 MHz and 1800 MHz
- ↑ Mobile broadband project 2016 ( Memento of the original from October 1, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , accessed April 27, 2015
- ↑ Decision of the President's Chamber of the Federal Network Agency for Electricity, Gas, Telecommunications, Post and Railways from January 28, 2015 on the arrangement and choice of the procedure as well as the specifications and rules in detail (award rules) and the specifications and regulations for the implementation of the Procedure (auction rules) for the award of frequencies in the 700 MHz, 900 MHz, 1800 MHz ranges and other frequencies in the 1452–1492 MHz range for wireless network access to the offer of telecommunications services from January 2015
- ↑ Dispute over spectrum auction - o2 is still allowed to keep mobile frequencies at handelsblatt.com. May 8, 2015. Retrieved May 19, 2015.
- ↑ Mobile broadband project 2016 ( Memento of the original from October 1, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , accessed February 18, 2016
- ↑ http://www.golem.de/news/mobilfunk-was-die-telekom-mit-lte-bei-700-und-1500-mhz-macht-1509-116516.html
- ↑ Federal Network Agency: Frequency distribution study 2016 key questions from March 7, 2016, page 5