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Dingane, portrayal by Charles Joseph Hullmandel , 1835

Dingane ka Senzangakhona (depending on the translation also Dingaan ) (* around 1795 in KwaZulu-Natal , † 1840 in the Lebombo Mountains , Swaziland ) was King of the Zulu .

Bronze statue of Dingane near Maropeng ( Long March to Freedom exhibition )


Dingane was the son of the sixth wife of Senzangakhona ka Jama . He came to power by murdering his other half-brother Shaka , the founder of the Zulu Kingdom, together with his half-brother Mhlangana in 1828 . After taking the throne, he also killed Mhlangana.

The “ Great Trek ” of the Boers also fell during his reign . The so-called Voortrekkers had already defeated Dingane's rival Mzilikazi , the king of the Matabele , in their search for new settlement land in the north . Although Dingane had initially supported the Whites, he was not happy with their victory, as he secretly viewed them as a danger to his people. In February 1838 he therefore decided to launch a “preventive strike” against the white intruders whom he had his warriors attack in their scattered camps. About 500 Voortrekker (including their African helpers) those attacks fell victim, including Piet Retief and his companions, who in the Zuluhauptstadt uMgungundlovu a contract with Dingane purpose of settlement in Natal wanted to negotiate. In the following months, troops under Andries Hendrik Potgieter and Piet Uys were also defeated. It was not until the Battle of the Blood River that the Boers, under the command of Andries Pretorius , defeated the Zulu troops led by Ndlela kaSompisi and Dambuza . Due to the Boer march on the capital uMgungundlovu, Dingane had it burned down and was able to fight back the Boers on the White Umfolozi . On the retreat, the Zulu also won a battle against British troops on the Tugela .

Dingane's half-brother Mpande was recognized by the Boers in 1839 as the leader and prince of the Zulu emigrants. In February 1840 an attack by Mpande's troops was successful. Dingane fled across the Pongola and was probably killed in the Lebombo Mountains by the Swazi and Nyawo.

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