The reconstructed isigodlo (royal camp) in uMgungundlovu.
uMgungundlovu (one of further traditions according to Zulu : place of the big elephant - probably related to the title of Dinganes as head of the Zulu) was the capital of the Zulu founded by King Dingane around 1830 , which is located in the north of today's South African province of KwaZulu-Natal found.
The historic site is located on a wide hill, which is flowed around by the Nzolo River - a tributary of the White Umfolozi River - and its tributary Umkhumbane, providing both access to water and protection from enemies.
In uMgungundlovu was the royal kraal , thatched roof huts grouped around the royal hut. The Boer pioneer ( Voortrekker ) Piet Retief and his men were invited there by Dingane in 1838, only to be murdered unarmed.
The end of the Zulu capital marked the battle of the Blood River on December 16, 1838; after his defeat, Dingane let uMgungundlovu burn down. Four days after the battle, the Boers reached the former capital.
Today there is a memorial for the murdered Voortrekkers at the historical site; the royal kraal was also rebuilt true to the original.
The uMgungundlovu district, founded in 1994, is located further south around the provincial capital Pietermaritzburg . After the destruction of the place uMgungundlovu, the name passed to Pietermaritzburg among the Zulus, as the Boers ruled the Republic of Natalia from there .
- Gregory Houston, Judith February: The Battle of Blood River . on www.liberationheritage.co.za ( Memento from February 2, 2014 in the Internet Archive )
- Umgungundlovu . on www.places.co.za (English)