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Airbus CN-235
CASA CN-235M-100 of the Spanish Air Force
Spanish CN-235M-100, RAF Fairford
Design country:
First flight:

November 11, 1983


March 1, 1988

Production time:

In series production since 1986

Number of pieces:

284 (as of September 2019)

The Airbus CN-235 is a twin-engine turboprop aircraft from a joint project of the former Spanish CASA , merged into what is now Airbus Defense and Space , and the Indonesian IPTN . The consortium was named Airtech ( Aircraft Technology Industries , later expired).

From the CN-235, the CASA C-295 , which was extended by a good 3 meters and had its maiden flight in December 1998, was developed.


CN-235 (base aircraft)
CN-235 MP Persuader (maritime patrol aircraft)

The development took place at CASA. The CN-235 MP was manufactured in Spain by CASA and the CN-235 MPA by IPTN in Indonesia.

The aircraft was designed as a maritime patrol aircraft . The individual copies are equipped with various control and monitoring devices depending on the requirements. The first flight took place in 1983; the first machines were put into service in 1988.

CASA CN-235-300 of the Spanish Sea Rescue

The CN-235 MP built by Casa are in service in Ireland, Turkey and Spain (also listed as C-235 by the Spanish military) and are equipped with the FLIR system FLIR-2000HP (infrared vision system ). The FLIR transmitter / receiver parts are easy to see under the aircraft nose. These machines also have a Northrop-Grumman-Litton display connected to an AN / ALR-86 (V) electronics support measurement system and an APS-504 (V) 5 radar.

In the contract with the Turkish government it was agreed that the CASA CN-235 MP would be manufactured by Turkish Aerospace Industries (TAI) in Ankara. Between 1991 and 1998, TAI manufactured a total of 50 machines under license from CASA.

The Indonesia-made CN-235 MPA is used in Brunei , the United Arab Emirates and Indonesia. The Indonesian Navy has six aircraft and the Indonesian Air Force three aircraft. These machines are equipped with AMASCOS (Airborne Maritime Situation Control System) including manufactured by EADS Germany Ocean Master - search radar equipped.

Numerous civil versions of both types of aircraft were produced. More than 280 machines of all versions of the CN-235 are in use and have completed around 500,000 flight hours with several incidents .

In 2002, in cooperation with the Lockheed Martin / Northrop Grumman Group (USA), the version of the CN-235-300M was created, which is manufactured by CASA and equipped with an electronic flight management system with a liquid crystal multifunction display supplied by Rockwell Collins. The US Coast Guard , which calls the aircraft the HC-144A Ocean Sentry , is planning to purchase 36 aircraft. So far, 14 units are in use, the first of which was delivered in December 2006. Another machine was ordered in 2013 and will be delivered in 2015.

Due to the delays in the Airbus A400M , France initially ordered 19 CN-235-200s and increased the order by a further eight CN-235-300s in April 2010.

Since the integration of CASA's military aircraft division into Airbus Military , the C-235 has also been part of the Airbus product range .


CASA CN-235-10 of the Indonesian Merpati Nusantara Airlines , 1998

Civil users

Relatively few CN-235s have been used by airlines. Which includes:

Military users

including other public users

Irish CASA CN-235M
BotswanaBotswana Botswana
Botswana Defense Force : 4 (initially 2 CN235M-10, later replaced by 2 CN235-300M)
BophuthatswanaBophuthatswana Bophuthatswana
Bophuthatswana Air Force : 1 CN235M-10 (1994 to South Africa)
BruneiBrunei Brunei
Royal Brunei Air Force : 1 CN235MPA (3 ordered)
Burkina FasoBurkina Faso Burkina Faso
Air Force : 1 CN235-220M
ChileChile Chile
Ejército de Chile : 4 CN235-100 (1 loss)
EcuadorEcuador Ecuador
Fuerza Aérea Ecuatoriana : 3 , 2 CN235M-100, 1 CN235M-300 (all out of service)
Ejército del Ecuador : 2 , 1 CN235-100MPA (originally in transport version), 1 CN235-300MPA
Armada del Ecuador : 2 CN235 taken over by the FAE
Ivory CoastIvory Coast Ivory Coast
Forces armées de Côte d'Ivoire : 2 CN235-220M (from Indonesian production)
FranceFrance France
Armée de l'air 27 , 20 CN235M-100 / -200 (18 converted to -200M, 1 loss), 8 CN235M-300 (the latter ordered in 2010)
GabonGabon Gabon
Air Force : 1 CN235M-100
IndonesiaIndonesia Indonesia
Indonesian Air Force (Tentara Nasional Indonesia Angkatan Udara, TNI-AU) : 12 , 6 CN235-100M (1 loss), 6 CN235-220M
Indonesian Navy (Tentara Nasional Indonesia Angkatan Laut / TNI-AL) : 5 CN235MPA
IrelandIreland Ireland
Irish Air Corps : 3 , 1 CN235-100, 2 CN235M-100
YemenYemen Yemen
Air Force : 1 CN235M
JordanJordan Jordan
Royal Jordanian Air Force : 4 2 CN-235M, 2 AC235 gunship conversions from CN235M-100 leased from Turkey
CameroonCameroon Cameroon
Armée de l'Air du Cameroun : 1 CN235M-300
ColombiaColombia Colombia
Fuerza Aérea Colombiana : 3 1 CN235-200M, 2 ECN235 ELINT (1 copy crashed in 2015)
Armada Nacional de la República de Colombia: 3 , 2 CN235-200M, 1 CN235-300MPA
MalaysiaMalaysia Malaysia
Royal Malaysian Air Force : 8 CN235-220M incl. 2 with VIP equipment (1 copy crash-landed in 2016, 2 additional conversions into an MPA variant)
MexicoMexico Mexico
Marine : 6 CN235-300MPA
Policía Federal : 2 CN235
MoroccoMorocco Morocco
Air Force : 6
NepalNepal Nepal
Nepalese Army : 2 CN235-220M
NigeriaNigeria Nigeria
Nigerian Air Force : 20 (ordered)
OmanOman Oman
Royal Oman Police: 2
AustriaAustria Austria
Austrian Air Force 1 (leased from 2000 to 2002)
PakistanPakistan Pakistan
Pakistan Air Force : 4 CN235-220
PanamaPanama Panama
Panamanian Public Forces : 4 (all out of service in 1994)
Papua New GuineaPapua New Guinea Papua New Guinea
Papua New Guinea Defense Force : 2 CN235M
PhilippinesPhilippines Philippines
Philippines Air Force (PAF) : 2 CN235MPA
Saudi ArabiaSaudi Arabia Saudi Arabia
Royal Saudi Air Force : 4
SenegalSenegal Senegal
Armée de l'Air Sénégalaise : 5 CN235-220M (2 used, 3 new builds from Indonesian production)
SpainSpain Spain
Ejército del Aire : 20 , 14 CN235 (transport), 6 CN235MPA
Sociedad de Salvamento y Seguridad Marítima : 3 CN235MPA
Guardia Civil : 2 CN235MPA
South AfricaSouth Africa South Africa
South African Air Force : 1 (from Bophuthatswana , decommissioned 2012)
Korea SouthSouth Korea South Korea
Air Force : 20
Coast Guard : 4
ThailandThailand Thailand
Royal Thai Air Force : 6 (ordered)
Ministry of Agriculture: 2 CN235-220M
Royal Thai Police: 1 CN235
TurkeyTurkey Turkey
Air Force : 50 CN235-100M (four losses)
Marine : 6 CN235 ASW / ASuW MPA
Coast Guard : 3 CN235 MPA
United Arab EmiratesUnited Arab Emirates United Arab Emirates
Navy : 4
United StatesUnited States United States
United States Coast Guard : Originally 36 HC-144A Ocean Sentry ordered,
shortened to 18 after the USCG was supposed to receive 14 C-27Js from the USAF there.
(Incoming HC-144 at a low rate since 2006, delivered 17 by May 2014)


From the first flight in 1983 to January 2020, there were 14 total losses of CASA-235. 117 people were killed in 13 accidents. Extracts:

  • May 17, 2001; Malatya Province in Turkey; 35 people died
  • May 19, 2001; Ankara in Turkey; four soldiers died
  • On August 29, 2001, on board a CN-235-200 of Binter Mediterraneo ( aircraft registration EC-FBC ) on a flight from Melilla approaching Malaga airport , a fire warning for the left engine occurred . As a result, however, both engines were immediately switched off, whereupon the aircraft touched down in the approach lights and crashed into the embankment of a crossing road. Some of the passengers were locked in the rear part of the cabin for ten minutes until the door there could be opened. Of the 44 inmates, 4 were killed.
  • On 21 July 2005, a CN-235 crashed Indonesian Air Force (Code A-2301 ) while approaching the airfield Lhokseumawe-Malikussaleh near Medan (province of North Sumatra ab). Three of the 23 inmates were killed.
  • On February 26, 2016, a CN-235-220M made an emergency landing at the airport of Kuala Lumpur-Sultan Abdul Aziz Shah launched CN235-220M of the Malaysian Air Force (registration number M44-07 ) in shallow marsh waters off the coast of the Kuala Selangor district. The machine caught fire. All eight crew members survived the accident, but a fisherman drowned trying to help them.
  • On January 17, 2018, a CASA CN-235 of the Turkish Air Force (98-148) flew into a snow-covered hill near Hodulluca Mevkii, Yalvaç District, Esparta Province, and was destroyed. The machine was on a training flight to and from Eskişehir airfield . All three inmates died.

Technical specifications

Parameter Data from CN-235-300
crew two pilots
Civil version (Option) 40 passengers or 4,300 kg freight or 18 passengers plus two LD-3 freight containers
length 21.35 m
span 25.81 m
height 8.18 m
Wing area 59.1 m²
Wing extension 11.3
Cabin length 9.65 m
Cabin width 2.70 m
Cabin height 1.90 m
Cabin volume 48.54 m³
Fuel supply 5,265 l
Empty mass 9,800 kg
Max. Takeoff mass 16,500 kg
drive two General Electric CT7 -9C3 with 1,305 kW each (1,394 kW with automatic power reserve)
propeller Hamilton Sundstrand 14RF-21 four-blade propeller
Max. Cruising speed 460 km / h at 4,575 m
Service ceiling 7,620 m
  • 3,658 km (with 2,400 kg payload)
  • 1,773 km (with max.payload and 45 min reserve)
Take-off run 405 m
Landing runway 380 m

Armament MPA

Explosive ordnance up to approx. 3,000 kg at six external load stations
Anti-ship missile

Web links

Commons : CASA CN-235  - Collection of Images, Videos and Audio Files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Orders, Deliveries, In Operation Military aircraft by Country - Worldwide. , November 30, 2019, accessed January 22, 2020 .
  2. News by numbers . In: AIR International, March 2013, p. 16
  3. France is buying from Airbus Military , April 13, 2010
  4. Integration of MTAD implemented at Airbus. Flug Revue, April 15, 2009, accessed April 19, 2011 .
  5. ^ Ulrich Klee, Frank Bucher et al .: jp airline-fleets international . Zurich Airport 1988–2007.
  6. ^ Ulrich Klee, Frank Bucher et al .: jp airline-fleets international . Sutton, UK, 2008-2013.
  7. PTDI vende cuatro aviones CN235220 a Senegal Y Costa de Marfil, Infodefensa, 23 November 2018
  8. PTDI CN-235 Update, Asian Military Review, April 5, 2017
  9. Archive link ( Memento of the original from April 14, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. Retrieved July 23, 2013 @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  10. Malaysian Air Force CN-235 crash lands near Kuala Selangor, Janes, February 25, 2016
  11. Malaysia to convert two CN-235 transports into maritime patrol aircraft, Janes, February 3, 2020
  12. ^ Defense Security Report . December 3, 2008. Retrieved October 2, 2011.
  13. Archive link ( Memento of the original from March 19, 2009 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  14. Nepalese Army to receive second Indonesian-built CN-235-220 multipurpose aircraft, Janes, October 30, 2019
  16. ^ John Pike: Pakistan Air Force Equipment . Retrieved October 2, 2011.
  17. Senegal sees strength in modernization plan, African Aerospace, August 7, 2017
  18. PTDI vende cuatro aviones CN235220 a Senegal Y Costa de Marfil, Infodefensa, 23 November 2018
  19. 3 crew members die after the crash of a CASA CN-235 military aircraft, Daily Sabah Turkey, January 17, 2018
  20. ^ Penultimate Ocean Sentry delivered . In: AIR International May 2014, p. 19
  21. Accident statistics CASA CN.235 , Aviation Safety Network (English), accessed on January 24, 2020.
  22. ^ Accident report CN-235 097 , Aviation Safety Network (English), accessed on November 25, 2018.
  23. ^ Accident report CASA CN-235 EC-FBC , Aviation Safety Network (English), accessed on March 25, 2017.
  24. ^ Sept morts dans le crash, la Depeche, December 18, 2003
  25. ^ Accident report CASA CN-235 F-RAIA , Aviation Safety Network (English), accessed on March 25, 2017.
  26. Indonesia: three die when CN-235 crashes and breaks apart,, July 21, 2005
  27. ^ Accident report CASA CN-235 IndonAF A-2301 , Aviation Safety Network (English), accessed on March 25, 2017.
  28. CN235 accident in Colombia ( Memento of the original from September 10, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. Airbus Defense and Space, August 1, 2015 @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  29. ^ Accident report CASA CN-235 FAC-1261 , Aviation Safety Network (English), accessed on March 25, 2017.
  30. Flight International, March 14, 2017 (English), p. 32.
  31. ^ Accident report CASA CN-235 RMAF M44-07 , Aviation Safety Network (English), accessed on March 25, 2017.
  32. ^ Accident report CN-235 TAF 98-148 , Aviation Safety Network (English), accessed on November 25, 2018.